Michael C. Seeds

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We have developed a quantitative assay to monitor the oxidative burst (H2O2 production) of polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNL) using single cell analysis by flow cytometry, and have examined whether PMNL respond to membrane stimulation with an all-or-none oxidative burst. During incubation with normal neutrophils, dichlorofluorescin diacetate diffused into(More)
Stressed cells undergoing necrosis release molecules that acts as endogenous danger signals to alert and activate innate immune cells. Both HMGB1 and HSP70 are induced in activated monocytes/macrophages and also are released from stressed or injured cells. We investigated whether HMGB1 and HSP70 released from necrotic monocytes/macrophages, can act as(More)
Over the past 100 years, changes in the food supply in Western nations have resulted in alterations in dietary fatty acid consumption, leading to a dramatic increase in the ratio of omega-6 (omega6) to omega3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) in circulation and in tissues. Increased omega6/omega3 ratios are hypothesized to increase inflammatory mediator(More)
Calgranulins are a family of powerful chemoattractants, which have been implicated as biomarkers in inflammatory diseases. To determine how different respiratory diseases affect the expression of calgranulins, we measured the expression of S100A8/A9 and S100A12 in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) patients and(More)
Changes in diet over the past century have markedly altered the consumption of fatty acids. The dramatic increase in the ingestion of saturated and n-6 fatty acids and concomitant decrease in n-3 fatty acids are thought to be a major driver of the increase in the incidence of inflammatory diseases such as asthma, allergy, and atherosclerosis. The central(More)
Pulmonary surfactant's complex mixture of phospholipids and proteins reduces the work of breathing by lowering alveolar surface tension during respiration. One mechanism of surfactant damage appears to be the hydrolysis of phospholipid by phospholipases activated in the inflamed lung. Humans have several candidate secretory phospholipase A(2) (sPLA(2))(More)
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is characterized by progressive airway obstruction. Although it has been postulated that this is due in part to mucus hypersecretion, there are no published data showing an increase in the gel-forming mucins MUC5AC or MUC5B in CF secretions. We used confocal microscopy to assess the amount of mucin-like glycoprotein and DNA in CF sputum(More)
Secretory A(2) phospholipases (sPLA(2)) hydrolyze surfactant phospholipids cause surfactant dysfunction and are elevated in lung inflammation. Phospholipase-mediated surfactant hydrolysis may disrupt surfactant function by generation of lysophospholipids and free fatty acids and/or depletion of native phospholipids. In this study, we quantitatively assessed(More)
The "modern western" diet (MWD) has increased the onset and progression of chronic human diseases as qualitatively and quantitatively maladaptive dietary components give rise to obesity and destructive gene-diet interactions. There has been a three-fold increase in dietary levels of the omega-6 (n-6) 18 carbon (C18), polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA)(More)
In the absence of activation signals, circulating human neutrophils and eosinophils undergo spontaneous apoptosis. The glucocorticoid dexamethasone (Dex) accelerates apoptosis in inflammatory cells such as eosinophils, but uniquely delays neutrophil apoptosis. Corresponding to the opposite effects of Dex on granulocyte apoptosis, we demonstrate that in(More)