Michael C. Rowe

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In the central Oregon Cascades, extension of the arc has promoted eruption of primitive basalts that are of three types, calcalkaline (CAB), low-K tholeiitic (LKT) and rare absarokitic (ABS) in the forearc. Based on a comparison with the distribution of primitive magma types and their Sr/Sr and Nd/Nd isotopic signature in the Cascades, we divide the arc(More)
The multiple-funnel trap has gained broad acceptance for catching bark and ambrosia beetles since the trap was developed more than 25 years ago (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) (Lindgren 1983). The trap consists of black plastic funnels aligned vertically over each other, allowing for intercepted beetles to fall through the funnels into a wet or dry collection cup(More)
[1] Recent diving with the JAMSTEC Shinkai 6500 manned submersible in the Mariana fore arc southeast of Guam has discovered that MORB‐like tholeiitic basalts crop out over large areas. These " fore‐arc basalts " (FAB) underlie boninites and overlie diabasic and gabbroic rocks. Potential origins include eruption at a spreading center before subduction began(More)
[1] We present major, trace element, and Pb‐Sr‐Nd‐Hf isotope data for Quaternary basalt and basaltic andesite lavas from cross‐chain volcanoes in the northern Izu (N‐Izu) arc. Lavas from Izu‐Oshima, Toshima, Udonejima, and Niijima islands show consistent chemical changes with depth to the Wadati‐Benioff zone, from 120 km beneath Izu‐Oshima to 180 km beneath(More)
Both Earth and Mars possess different styles of explosive basaltic volcanism. Distinguishing phreatomagmatic eruptions, driven by magma-water interaction, from 'magmatic' explosive eruptions (that is, strombolian and plinian eruptions) is important for determining the presence of near-surface water or ice at the time of volcanism. Here we show that eruption(More)
A charge compensation mechanism is proposed for cation vacancy defects in complex oxides based on positron lifetime measurements, infrared spectroscopy, and composition analysis. Defects were characterized in samples of yttrium aluminum garnet grown in O2 or Ar. However, no positron trapping was detected in samples grown in H2. This is attributed to(More)
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