Michael C. Powanda

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Gram-negative bacterial pneumonias have been increasingly important as nosocomial infections. The following model was developed to study the pathogenesis and evaluate therapy of such infections. Intranasal instillation of rats with a suspension of 5 x 10(6) Klebsiella pneumoniae caused bronchopneumonia with 24 h. Bacteria were isolated from the lungs in(More)
Markedly increased synthesis of alpha(2) and beta globulins and alpha(1), alpha(2), and beta glycoglobulins occurs during pneumococcal sepsis in the rat simultaneously with decreased albumin formation, diminished tritiated leucine incorporation into muscle protein, and enhanced excretion of nitrogen. This augmented synthesis of specific serum proteins does(More)
At 26 h after inoculation of rats with Diplococcus pneumoniae, the serum concentrations of 10 and 20 individual amino acids were lower than corresponding values observed in pair-fed controls. In contrast, only 2 of 20 serum amino acids were similarly decreased in rats inoculated with Salmonella typhimurium. Despite these serum differences, a greater(More)
Streptococcus pneumoniae infection leads to multifold increases in sialyltransferase, galactosyltransferase, alpha 2-fucosyltransferase, and alpha 3-fucosyltransferase activity of rat liver. Such changes may reflect an increased demand for glycosylation of acute-phase proteins synthesized and secreted by the liver during inflammatory processes. Serum(More)
To characterize the role of the liver and kidney in the metabolic response to injury and infection, selective catheterization of the hepatic (42 veins) and renal veins (21 veins) was performed in 31 burn patients (mean burn size: 51% TBS), studied 4-129 days postinjury. Blood flow was determined by standard clearance techniques (ICG and PAH), and(More)
Daily intramuscular injections of clofibrate begun 6h before the initiation of inflammation induced by the subcutaneous injection of turpentine exerted a differential, dose-dependent inhibition of the anticipated acute-phase globulin response. Specifically, clofibrate at 140mg/kg muted the increase in alpha(2)-macrofoetoprotein, but did not affect that of(More)
Serum and liver zinc concentration, amino acid uptake by liver, seromucoid content, and alpha2-macrofetoprotein production were measured in vaccinated as well as nonimmune rats exposed to either virulent (SCHU S4) or attenuated (LVS) strains of Francisella tularensi. It appears that liver damage (pyogranulomatous lesions) must occur before there is any(More)