Michael C. Powanda

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''The aim of the wise is not to secure pleasure, but to avoid pain''. Aristotle seems to sum up the problem of achieving relief from pain, especially chronic pain, while avoiding addiction. Allowing a person or animal to suffer debili-tating pain when relief is possible seems so repugnant to society that it is considered acceptable that the terminally ill(More)
A brief survey of recent literature was conducted with regard to vitamin D and pain. There is evidence for and against a role for vitamin D in the treatment of chronic pain. The contradictory findings may have to do with study design or perhaps the type and intensity of pain. To answer the question whether there is a role for vitamin D in the treatment of(More)
Personalized medicine has become the most recent mantra of the pharmaceutical industry. While truly affordable bespoke drugs may never be totally achievable, pharmacogenomics and epigenetics will play significant roles in developing targeted therapy tailored to subpopulations of disease sufferers most likely to benefit. Personalized medicine is a very(More)
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