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BACKGROUND The external branch of the superior laryngeal nerve (EBSLN) is at risk during thyroid surgery. Despite meticulous dissection and visualization, the EBSLN can be mistaken for other structures. The nerve integrity monitor (NIM) allows EBSLN confirmation with cricothyroid twitch on stimulation. AIMS The aim of this study was to assess any(More)
We performed a systematic review of the literature on medical noncompliance after kidney transplantation in the cyclosporine era. We wished to define commonalities that may help the clinician identify patients for early intervention. We found that patients who were at a higher risk of noncompliance after kidney transplants were younger, female, unmarried,(More)
Progesterone and estradiol are metabolized in the liver and are elevated in patients with cirrhosis. Progesterone stimulates ventilation by activating progesterone receptors in the central nervous system; estradiol may facilitate progesterone's actions by increasing progesterone receptors. This study evaluated whether progesterone and estradiol contribute(More)
CONTEXT Autoimmune polyendocrinopathy-candidiasis-ectodermal dystrophy (APECED) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder caused by mutations in the gene AIRE (autoimmune regulator). APECED affects mainly endocrine organs resulting in hypoparathyroidism, adrenocortical failure, diabetes mellitus, hypogonadism, and hypothyroidism. Nonendocrine organ(More)
Patients with insulin-dependent diabetes who receive pancreas/kidney transplants lose their need for insulin injections, but they become hyperinsulinemic and insulin resistant, and sometimes develop noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. The reason for the insulin resistance is not well understood. Specifically, it is not known whether they become(More)
There is an increasing amount of data on quality of life (QOL) in most chronic illnesses; some of the instruments used are generic, but recently, there is a tendency to use disease-specific instruments. We propose that recipients of organ transplants be assessed routinely for QOL by means of the 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey or a disease-specific(More)
BACKGROUND This study was initiated to test the feasibility and toxicity of a regimen that alternates the administration of weekly carboplatin and vincristine with temozolomide in the management of children with progressive and/or symptomatic low-grade glioma. METHODS Eligible children received a 10-week induction regimen followed by six 10-week cycles of(More)
BACKGROUND Ureteral stenosis is the most common urologic complication of renal transplantation. Preferred management options for this complication vary among centers. Ureteral stenosis occurred in 24 (3.4 percent) of 692 consecutive renal transplants. The diagnosis was confirmed by antegrade pyelography after ultrasonography in all instances. An attempt was(More)