Michael C. Moore

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Many species have extreme within-sex morphological and behavioral polymorphisms, most commonly different male phenotypes that practice different reproductive strategies. Although much is known about the role of hormones in sexual differentiation, little is known about what role hormones might play in within-sex differentiation. The relative plasticity(More)
To examine the reciprocal interactions among gonadal and adrenal steroid secretion, male tree lizards (Urosaurus ornatus) were subjected to two forms of stress. They were subjected either to the acute stress of being held in collecting bags for up to 4 hr or to the chronic stress of being maintained in individual cages in the laboratory for up to 3 weeks.(More)
A major challenge in biology is understanding how organisms partition limited resources among physiological processes. For example, offspring production and self-maintenance are important for fitness and survival, yet these critical processes often compete for resources. While physiological trade-offs between reproduction and immune function have been(More)
In many vertebrates, seasonal activation of sexual and territorial behaviors coincides with seasonal gonadal activation and is caused by the increase in sex steroid hormones. Both male and femaleSceloporus jarrovi are territorial, but in this species territorial behavior is seasonally activated in late April, months before seasonal gonadal maturation, which(More)
Two aspects of hormonal control of aggressive territorial behavior in male mountain spiny lizards Sceloporus jarrovi were studied. First, testosterone (T) implants were given to free-living castrated males during the breeding season. These implants fully restored breeding season levels of aggressive and sexual behavior. Earlier studies showed that identical(More)
We examined the hypothesis that increased aggression results in decreased survivorship. We tested this hypothesis by increasing aggression of free-living male lizards Sceloporus jarrovi with testosterone implants and evaluating the effects on survivorship. A previous study showed that testosterone-implanted males were more aggressive than controls,(More)
Competition among physiological processes for limited resources often results in trade-offs. Key among these processes is reproduction and immune function, and optimizing both appears to be difficult. To test the hypothesis that the resource demands of reproduction compromise immune function, we measured rates of wound healing, an integrated measure of(More)
Physiological trade-offs arise because multiple processes compete for the same limiting resources. While competition for resources has been demonstrated between reproduction and immune function, the regulation of this competition remains unclear. Corticosterone (CORT) is a likely mediator due to its dual role in mobilizing energy stores throughout the body(More)
Exposure to stress can affect an organism's partitioning of resources among immune function and other organismal functions. However, measuring immune function is often difficult. Recent studies show that the rate of cutaneous wound healing in laboratory rodents is a simple, integrated measure of stress-sensitive immune function. We investigated the use of(More)
Fitness tradeoffs are difficult to examine because many fitness variables are correlated and vary in the same direction. Phenotypic manipulation circumvents many of these difficulties, and here we used this technique to examine mechanisms for tradeoffs between increased aggression (territorial defense) and survivorship. The behavioral phenotype of male(More)