Michael C. Iannuzzi

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Sarcoidosis may be affected by sex, race, and age. A Case Control Etiologic Study of Sarcoidosis (ACCESS) enrolled 736 patients with sarcoidosis within 6 mo of diagnosis from 10 clinical centers in the United States. Using the ACCESS sarcoidosis assessment system, we determined organ involvement for the whole group and for subgroups differentiated by sex,(More)
Sarcoidosis is a multisystem granulomatous disorder that most often affects the lungs and may cause significant morbidity. Sarcoidosis can manifest as neurological disease, uveitis, blindness, end-stage pulmonary fibrosis, pulmonary hypertension, dysrhythmias, cardiomyopathy, hypercalcemia, and renal failure. Sarcoidosis persists as chronic disease in(More)
The BTNL2 gene is a member of the B7 receptor family that probably functions as a T-cell costimulatory molecule. It resides in the class II major histocompatibility complex (MHC) region of chromosome 6p and has recently been associated with sarcoidosis susceptibility in a white German population. We sought to replicate the BTNL2 association in an African(More)
The angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) has been implicated in the pathophysiology of sarcoidosis. Serum ACE levels in normal and sarcoidosis patients are influenced by an insertion (I)/deletion (D) polymorphism in the ACE gene. To elucidate the role of this ACE gene polymorphism in sarcoidosis, we conducted a case-control study in African Americans and(More)
Sarcoidosis is a granulomatous disorder of unknown etiology, associated with an accumulation of CD4+ T cells and a TH1 immune response. Since previous studies of HLA associations with sarcoidosis were limited by serologic or low-resolution molecular identification, we performed high-resolution typing for the HLA-DPB1, HLA-DQB1, HLA-DRB1, and HLA-DRB3 loci(More)
Lung cancer is the predominant fatal neoplasm of our time, and SCLC, which accounts for about 25% of all lung cancer, if untreated results in death in about 3 months. Currently employed aggressive combination chemotherapy has allowed a 4- to 5-fold improvement in median survival over untreated patients. Ten to 20% of patients with limited disease can be(More)
The histologic and clinical similarities between tuberculosis and sarcoidosis suggest a shared underlying pathophysiology. Human natural resistance-associated macrophage protein (NRAMP1), which is closely related to the mouse gene, has been associated with susceptibility to tuberculosis in some human populations. Given the importance of the Nramp1 gene in(More)
Sarcoidosis is a systemic inflammatory disease characterized by the formation of granulomas in affected organs. Genome-wide association studies (GWASs) of this disease have been conducted only in European population. We present the first sarcoidosis GWAS in African Americans (AAs, 818 cases and 1,088 related controls) followed by replication in independent(More)
Past research suggests that environmental factors may be associated with sarcoidosis risk. We conducted a case control study to test a priori hypotheses that environmental and occupational exposures are associated with sarcoidosis. Ten centers recruited 706 newly diagnosed patients with sarcoidosis and an equal number of age-, race-, and sex-matched control(More)
Epidemiological knowledge of sarcoidosis is based mainly on studies performed more than 30 years ago. These early case-control studies produced some interesting risk factor-disease associations, but a clear causative mechanism in sarcoidosis remains unknown. Studies in military and veteran populations showed a clear preponderance of sarcoidosis in African(More)