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During conventional cycle ergometry, as work rate (WR) is increased toward maximum, O2 extraction increases hyperbolically, typically achieving values of 80-90% at peak O2 uptake (VO2). In contrast, studies using isolated knee-extensor exercise report much higher mass-specific blood flows (Q) and lower maximal O2 extractions (approximately 70%), which have(More)
Insights into muscle energetics during exercise (e.g., muscular efficiency) are often inferred from measurements of pulmonary gas exchange. This procedure presupposes that changes of pulmonary O2 (VO2) associated with increases of external work reflect accurately the increased muscle VO2. The present investigation addressed this issue directly by making(More)
We recently found [at approximately 90% maximal O2 consumption (VO2max)] that as inspiratory PO2 (PIO2) was reduced, VO2 and mixed venous PO2 (PVO2) fell together along a straight line through the origin, suggesting tissue diffusion limitation of VO2max. To extend these observations to VO2max and directly examine effluent venous blood from muscle, six(More)
We report on the successful, compassionate use of the anti-CD20 chimeric monoclonal antibody rituximab in a patient with chronic, relapsing cytoplasmic antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (cANCA)-associated Wegener's granulomatosis (WG). The patient initially responded to treatment with glucocorticoids and cyclophosphamide. However, bone marrow toxicity(More)
The purpose of this study was to use 31P-magnetic resonance spectroscopy to examine the relationships among muscle PCr hydrolysis, intracellular H+ concentration accumulation, and muscle performance during incremental exercise during the inspiration of gas mixtures containing different fractions of inspired O2 (FIO2). We hypothesized that lower FIO2 would(More)
Reviewers The Publications Committee of the American Physiological Society gratefully acknowledges the services of the following reviewers who assisted the Editorial Board in the reviews of manuscripts. (invited only) have specific instructions that you should review if you are submitting to them. The American Physiological Society (APS) Journals seek(More)
It is not known whether the asymptotic behavior of whole body O2 consumption (VO2) at maximal work rates (WR) is explained by similar behavior of VO2 in the exercising legs. To resolve this question, simultaneous measurements of body and leg VO2 were made at submaximal and maximal levels of effort breathing normoxic and hypoxic gases in seven trained male(More)
To test the hypothesis that muscle O2 uptake (V(O2)) on-kinetics is limited, at least in part, by peripheral O2 diffusion, we determined the V(O2) on-kinetics in 1) normoxia (Control); 2) hyperoxic gas breathing (Hyperoxia); and 3) hyperoxia and the administration of a drug (RSR-13, Allos Therapeutics), which right-shifts the Hb-O2 dissociation curve(More)
It has been suggested that during a skeletal muscle contraction the metabolic energy cost at the onset may be greater than the energy cost related to holding steady-state force. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect of contraction duration on the metabolic energy cost and fatigue process in fully perfused contracting muscle in situ.(More)
Constant-load exercise that engenders a sustained lactic acidosis (i.e., above the lactate threshold) is accompanied by a slow component of O2 uptake (VO2) kinetics that increases VO2 above rather than toward the predicted value. This response arises predominantly from within the exercising limbs and is temporally correlated with that of blood lactate.(More)