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Insights into muscle energetics during exercise (e.g., muscular efficiency) are often inferred from measurements of pulmonary gas exchange. This procedure presupposes that changes of pulmonary O2 (VO2) associated with increases of external work reflect accurately the increased muscle VO2. The present investigation addressed this issue directly by making(More)
During conventional cycle ergometry, as work rate (WR) is increased toward maximum, O2 extraction increases hyperbolically, typically achieving values of 80-90% at peak O2 uptake (VO2). In contrast, studies using isolated knee-extensor exercise report much higher mass-specific blood flows (Q) and lower maximal O2 extractions (approximately 70%), which have(More)
It is not known whether the asymptotic behavior of whole body O2 consumption (VO2) at maximal work rates (WR) is explained by similar behavior of VO2 in the exercising legs. To resolve this question, simultaneous measurements of body and leg VO2 were made at submaximal and maximal levels of effort breathing normoxic and hypoxic gases in seven trained male(More)
To test the hypothesis that muscle O2 uptake (V(O2)) on-kinetics is limited, at least in part, by peripheral O2 diffusion, we determined the V(O2) on-kinetics in 1) normoxia (Control); 2) hyperoxic gas breathing (Hyperoxia); and 3) hyperoxia and the administration of a drug (RSR-13, Allos Therapeutics), which right-shifts the Hb-O2 dissociation curve(More)
Six subjects pedaled a stationary cycle ergometer to exhaustion on three separate occasions while breathing gas mixtures of 17, 21, or 60% O2 in N2. Each subject rode for 3 min at work rates of 60, 90, 105 W, followed by 15-W increases every 3 min until exhaustion. Inspired and expired gas fractions, ventilation (V), heart rate, and blood lactate were(More)
In skeletal muscle, phosphocreatine (PCr) recovery from submaximal exercise has become a reliable and accepted measure of muscle oxidative capacity. During exercise, O2 availability plays a role in determining maximal oxidative metabolism, but the relationship between O2 availability and oxidative metabolism measured by 31P-magnetic resonance spectroscopy(More)
Pulmonary gas exchange was studied in eight normal subjects both before and after 2 wk of altitude acclimatization at 3,800 m (12,470 ft, barometric pressure = 484 Torr). Respiratory and multiple inert gas tensions, ventilation, cardiac output (Q), and hemoglobin concentration were measured at rest and during three levels of constant-load cycle exercise(More)
It remains uncertain whether the delayed onset of mitochondrial respiration on initiation of muscle contractions is related to O(2) availability. The purpose of this research was to measure the kinetics of the fall in intracellular PO(2) at the onset of a contractile work period in rested and previously worked single skeletal muscle fibers. Intact single(More)
We recently found [at approximately 90% maximal O2 consumption (VO2max)] that as inspiratory PO2 (PIO2) was reduced, VO2 and mixed venous PO2 (PVO2) fell together along a straight line through the origin, suggesting tissue diffusion limitation of VO2max. To extend these observations to VO2max and directly examine effluent venous blood from muscle, six(More)
We studied O2 transport in the leg to determine if hyperoxia will increase the maximal rate of O2 uptake (VO2max) in exercising muscle. An increase in inspired O2 fraction (FIO2) from 0.21 to 1.00 was postulated to have the following effects: 1) increase the leg VO2max by approximately 5-10%, 2) increase the maximal O2 delivery [arterial O2(More)