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The bromodomain protein, BRD4, has been identified recently as a therapeutic target in acute myeloid leukemia, multiple myeloma, Burkitt's lymphoma, NUT midline carcinoma, colon cancer, and inflammatory disease; its loss is a prognostic signature for metastatic breast cancer. BRD4 also contributes to regulation of both cell cycle and transcription of(More)
The kinetic isotope effect has long been exploited by physical organic chemists to study reaction mechanisms due to its effect on reaction rates when cleavage of a C-isotope bond is rate determining. Medicinal chemists have also used the deuterium kinetic isotope effect to slow the cytochrome P450 metabolism of the deuterated versions of drug candidates,(More)
In this study, we report the pharmacological effects of a novel PDE10A inhibitor, SEP-39. SEP-39 is a potent (1.0nM) inhibitor of human PDE10A in vitro, with good selectivity (>16000-fold) against other PDEs. In an in vivo occupancy study, the RO50 value was determined to be 0.7mg/kg (p.o.), corresponding to plasma and brain exposures of 28ng/mL and 43ng/g,(More)
The malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum infects 5-10% of the world's population and kills two million people annually. Fatalities are thought to result in part from pathological reactions initiated by a malarial toxin. Glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) originating from the parasite has the properties predicted of a toxin; however, a requirement for(More)
Novel chiral cyclohexylaryl amines were developed with potent reuptake inhibition against the serotonin, norepinephrine and dopamine transporters and activity at 10 and 30 mpk PO in the mouse tail suspension test. Prototype compound 31 (SERT, NET, DAT IC(50) ≤ 1, 21, 28 nM) was highly brain penetrant, had minimal CYP and hERG inhibition, and represents a(More)
[reaction--see text] Described is the first automated solid-phase synthesis of a branched oligosaccharide by stepwise assembly from monosaccharides. Cap tetrasaccharide 1, found as part of the cell surface lipophosphoglycan (LPG) of the protozoan parasite Leishmania, was readily prepared using glycosyl phosphate and glycosyl trichloroacetimidate building(More)
The synthesis of a potential carbohydrate vaccine for the parasitic disease leishmaniasis is described. New solution- and solid-phase synthetic strategies were explored for the assembly of a unique tetrasaccharide antigen found on the Leishmania lipophosphoglycan. An initial solution-phase synthesis relied on thioglycosides as building blocks and the(More)
The identification of a novel series of small molecule BET inhibitors is described. Using crystallographic binding modes of an amino-isoxazole fragment and known BET inhibitors, a structure-based drug design effort lead to a novel isoxazole azepine scaffold. This scaffold showed good potency in biochemical and cellular assays and oral activity in an in vivo(More)
In recent years, inhibition of the interaction between the bromodomain and extra-terminal domain (BET) family of chromatin adaptors and acetyl-lysine residues on chromatin has emerged as a promising approach to regulate the expression of important disease-relevant genes, including MYC, BCL-2, and NF-κB. Here we describe the identification and(More)