Michael C. Flickinger

Learn More
The amino acid L-lysine was produced from homoserine auxotrophic and S-(2-aminoethyl)-L-cysteine-resistant mutants of a newly isolated gram-positive methylotrophic bacterium, capable of growth on methanol at 60 degrees C. The temperature optimum for growth was between 50 and 53 degrees C. These aerobic, gram-positive, endospore-forming, rod-shaped bacteria(More)
The natural plasmid pBM19 carries the key mdh gene needed for the oxidation of methanol into formaldehyde by Bacillus methanolicus. Five more genes, glpX, fba, tkt, pfk, and rpe, with deduced roles in the cell primary metabolism, are also located on this plasmid. By using real-time PCR, we show that they are transcriptionally upregulated (6- to 40-fold) in(More)
It is known that 2,3-butanediol is a potentially valuable chemical feedstock that can be produced from the sugars present in hemicellulose and celluose hydrolysates. Klebsiella oxytoca is able to ferment most pentoses, hexoses, and disaccharides. Butanediol appears to be a primary metabolite, excreted as a product of energy methabolism. The theoretical(More)
Bacillus methanolicus can efficiently utilize methanol as a sole carbon source and has an optimum growth temperature of 50 degrees C. With the exception of mannitol, no sugars have been reported to support rapid growth of this organism, which is classified as a restrictive methylotroph. Here we describe the DNA sequence and characterization of a 19,167-bp(More)
Using a continuous culture of Bacillus methanolicus MGA3 limited by 100 mM methanol in the feed and growing at a dilution rate D=0.25 h(-1), transients in dissolved methanol were studied to determine the effects of methanol toxicity and the pathway of methanol dissimilation to CO(2). Steady-state cultures were disturbed by pulses of methanol resulting in a(More)
A method has been developed for immobilizing viable but nongrowing Escherichia coli in highly uniform patches. The patches consist of a thin layer of bacteria in acrylate vinyl acetate covered with a thin layer of the same polymer devoid of bacteria and sealed by the edges. This method permits study of immobilized cell physiology in biocatalytic films by(More)
Nonuniform light distribution is a fundamental limitation to biological hydrogen production by phototrophic bacteria. Numerous light distribution designs and culture conditions have been developed to reduce self-shading and nonuniform reactivity within bioreactors. In this study, highly concentrated (2.0 x 108 CFU/muL formulation) nongrowing(More)
d-Xylulose, an intermediate of d-xylose catabolism, was observed to be fermentable to ethanol and carbon dioxide in a yield of greater than 80% by yeasts (including industrial bakers' yeast) under fermentative conditions. This conversion appears to be carried out by many yeasts known for d-glucose fermentation. In some yeasts, xylitol, in addition to(More)
A simulation was developed based on experimental data obtained in a 14-L reactor to predict the growth and L-lysine accumulation kinetics, and change in volume of a large-scale (250-m(3)) Bacillus methanolicus methanol-based process. Homoserine auxotrophs of B. methanolicus MGA3 are unique methylotrophs because of the ability to secrete lysine during(More)
The structural gene coding for the lysine-sensitive aspartokinase II of the methylotrophic thermotolerant Bacillus sp. strain MGA3 was cloned from a genomic library by complementation of an Escherichia coli auxotrophic mutant lacking all three aspartokinase isozymes. The nucleotide sequence of the entire 2.2-kb PstI fragment was determined, and a single(More)