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Studies were conducted to determine the role that diffusion may play in the in vivo kinetics of the Escherichia coli periplasmic enzyme, alkaline phosphatase (AP, encoded by the gene pho A). Passive diffusion of solutes, from solution into the periplasm, is thought to occur mainly through porins in the outer membrane. The outer membrane therefore serves as(More)
It is known that 2,3-butanediol is a potentially valuable chemical feedstock that can be produced from the sugars present in hemicellulose and celluose hydrolysates. Klebsiella oxytoca is able to ferment most pentoses, hexoses, and disaccharides. Butanediol appears to be a primary metabolite, excreted as a product of energy methabolism. The theoretical(More)
The amino acid L-lysine was produced from homoserine auxotrophic and S-(2-aminoethyl)-L-cysteine-resistant mutants of a newly isolated gram-positive methylotrophic bacterium, capable of growth on methanol at 60 degrees C. The temperature optimum for growth was between 50 and 53 degrees C. These aerobic, gram-positive, endospore-forming, rod-shaped bacteria(More)
We report the fist genetic transformation system, shuttle vectors, and integrative vectors for the thermotolerant, methylotrophic bacterium Bacillus methanolicus. By using a polyethylene glycol-mediated transformation procedure, we have successfully transformed B. methanolicus with both integrative and multicopy plasmids. For plasmids with a single BmeTI(More)
Aspartokinase (AK) controls the carbon flow into the aspartate pathway for the biosynthesis of the amino acids l-methionine, l-threonine, l-isoleucine, and l-lysine. We report here the cloning of four genes (asd, encoding aspartate semialdehyde dehydrogenase; dapA, encoding dihydrodipicolinate synthase; dapG, encoding AKI; and yclM, encoding AKIII) of the(More)
A method has been developed for immobilizing viable but nongrowing Escherichia coli in highly uniform patches. The patches consist of a thin layer of bacteria in acrylate vinyl acetate covered with a thin layer of the same polymer devoid of bacteria and sealed by the edges. This method permits study of immobilized cell physiology in biocatalytic films by(More)
Nonuniform light distribution is a fundamental limitation to biological hydrogen production by phototrophic bacteria. Numerous light distribution designs and culture conditions have been developed to reduce self-shading and nonuniform reactivity within bioreactors. In this study, highly concentrated (2.0 x 108 CFU/muL formulation) nongrowing(More)
A cybernetic framework is presented which views microbial response in multiple substrate environments as a judicious investment of cellular resources in synthesizing different key proteins according to an optimal regulatory strategy. A mathematical model is developed within the cybernetic framework for the diauxic growth of Klebsiella pneumoniae on a(More)
Intact cells are the most stable form of nature's photosynthetic machinery. Coating-immobilized microbes have the potential to revolutionize the design of photoabsorbers for conversion of sunlight into fuels. Multi-layer adhesive polymer coatings could spatially combine photoreactive bacteria and algae (complementary biological irradiance spectra) creating(More)
A single-use Hg(II) patch biosensor has been developed consisting of 1.25-cm diameter patches of two acrylic vinyl acetate copolymer layers coated on polyester. The top layer copolymer was 47 microm thick whereas the bottom layer of copolymer plus E. coli cells was 30 microm thick. The immobilized E. coli HB101 cells harbored a mer-lux plasmid construct and(More)