Learn More
Aspartokinase (AK) controls the carbon flow into the aspartate pathway for the biosynthesis of the amino acids l-methionine, l-threonine, l-isoleucine, and l-lysine. We report here the cloning of four genes (asd, encoding aspartate semialdehyde dehydrogenase; dapA, encoding dihydrodipicolinate synthase; dapG, encoding AKI; and yclM, encoding AKIII) of the(More)
We report the fist genetic transformation system, shuttle vectors, and integrative vectors for the thermotolerant, methylotrophic bacterium Bacillus methanolicus. By using a polyethylene glycol-mediated transformation procedure, we have successfully transformed B. methanolicus with both integrative and multicopy plasmids. For plasmids with a single BmeTI(More)
The amino acid L-lysine was produced from homoserine auxotrophic and S-(2-aminoethyl)-L-cysteine-resistant mutants of a newly isolated gram-positive methylotrophic bacterium, capable of growth on methanol at 60 degrees C. The temperature optimum for growth was between 50 and 53 degrees C. These aerobic, gram-positive, endospore-forming, rod-shaped bacteria(More)
Intact cells are the most stable form of nature's photosynthetic machinery. Coating-immobilized microbes have the potential to revolutionize the design of photoabsorbers for conversion of sunlight into fuels. Multi-layer adhesive polymer coatings could spatially combine photoreactive bacteria and algae (complementary biological irradiance spectra) creating(More)
Nonuniform light distribution is a fundamental limitation to biological hydrogen production by phototrophic bacteria. Numerous light distribution designs and culture conditions have been developed to reduce self-shading and nonuniform reactivity within bioreactors. In this study, highly concentrated (2.0 x 108 CFU/muL formulation) nongrowing(More)
A cybernetic framework is presented which views microbial response in multiple substrate environments as a judicious investment of cellular resources in synthesizing different key proteins according to an optimal regulatory strategy. A mathematical model is developed within the cybernetic framework for the diauxic growth of Klebsiella pneumoniae on a(More)
We developed a novel <50-microm thick nano-porous bi-layer latex coating for preserving Gluconobacter oxydans, a strict aerobe, as a whole cell biocatalyst. G. oxydans was entrapped in an acrylate/vinyl acetate co-polymer matrix (T (g) approximately 10 degrees C) and cast into 12.7-mm diameter patch coatings (cellcoat) containing approximately 10(9) CFU(More)
We describe a latex wet coalescence method for gas-phase immobilization of microorganisms on paper which does not require drying for adhesion. This method reduces drying stresses to the microbes. It is applicable for microorganisms that do not tolerate desiccation stress during latex drying even in the presence of carbohydrates. Small surface area, 10–65 μm(More)
Alkaline phosphatase in the periplasm of Escherichia coli presents many of the complex factors that may influence enzymes in vivo. These include an environment that contains a high enzyme concentration, is densely populated with other macromolecules, and is separated from other compartments by a partial diffusion barrier. A previous study provided a partial(More)
Studies were conducted to determine the role that diffusion may play in the in vivo kinetics of the Escherichia coli periplasmic enzyme, alkaline phosphatase (AP, encoded by the gene pho A). Passive diffusion of solutes, from solution into the periplasm, is thought to occur mainly through porins in the outer membrane. The outer membrane therefore serves as(More)