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Comparative intestinal nitroreductase, azo reductase, beta-glucuronidase, dechlorinase and dehydrochlorinase activities in young male Fischer 344 rats and young male CD-1 mice were measured in vitro while the comparative biotransformation of 2,6-dinitrotoluene to mutagenic metabolites was determined in vivo. The mice, which exhibit a high spontaneous(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage (UGIH) is an infrequent complication (1-3.8%) following laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB). The safety and efficacy of endoscopic management of immediate postoperative bleeding is unknown. We sought to determine how frequently UGIH complicates LRYGB and whether endoscopic management is(More)
We report on some of the optical properties of Hemoporfin (hematoporphyrin monomethyl ether, HMME), a photodynamic therapy (PDT) photosensitizer that has been in clinical trials in China since the early 1990s. We characterized the photosensitizer on the basis of one- and two-photon absorption and fluorescence emission. The effects of photobleaching were(More)
BACKGROUND Intra-arterial infusion of yttrium-90 (Y-90) microspheres is locoregional radiation therapy for unresectable hepatic neoplasms. Literature on GI complications of this novel therapy is sparse. OBJECTIVES Clinically and pictorially characterize selective internal radiation therapy (SIRT)-induced GI injury and review the published literature. (More)
To determine directly the driving forces for bile acid entry into the hepatocyte, the uptake of [3H]taurocholic acid into rat liver plasma membrane vesicles was studied. The membrane preparation contained predominantly right-side-out vesicles, and was highly enriched in plasma membrane marker enzymes. The uptake of taurocholate at equilibrium was inversely(More)
Campylobacter fetus subspecies jejuni has recently been recognized as a significant cause of enteritis in humans. The organism has been previously postulated to cause illness by direct invasion of the mucosa of the gastrointestinal tract, but this has not been documented. Reported is a case of Campylobacter enteritis in which mucosal ulceration and crypt(More)
A previously reported acceleration of parathion metabolism in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract of lindane-pretreated rats could have been due to either a prolonged residence time of parathion or increased GI nitroreductase activity or both. Thus to determine the effect on GI nitroreductase and dechlorinase activity, 20 mg/kg lindane or 535 mg/kg neomycin(More)
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the second most common cause of cancer-related mortality in the United States. Colonoscopic screening with removal of adenomatous polyps in individuals at average risk is known to decrease the incidence and associated mortality from colon cancer. Certain conditions, notably inflammatory bowel disease involving the colon, a family(More)
OBJECTIVE The prevalence of antibodies to the hepatitis C virus (anti-HCV) in the United States is estimated to be 1.6%. There are no published studies on the prevalence of anti-HCV among the Arab/Chaldean American population in the United States. DESIGN Retrospective review of data collected during an HCV public awareness program conducted by the Arab(More)