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Comparative intestinal nitroreductase, azo reductase, beta-glucuronidase, dechlorinase and dehydrochlorinase activities in young male Fischer 344 rats and young male CD-1 mice were measured in vitro while the comparative biotransformation of 2,6-dinitrotoluene to mutagenic metabolites was determined in vivo. The mice, which exhibit a high spontaneous(More)
To determine directly the driving forces for bile acid entry into the hepatocyte, the uptake of [3H]taurocholic acid into rat liver plasma membrane vesicles was studied. The membrane preparation contained predominantly right-side-out vesicles, and was highly enriched in plasma membrane marker enzymes. The uptake of taurocholate at equilibrium was inversely(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage (UGIH) is an infrequent complication (1-3.8%) following laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB). The safety and efficacy of endoscopic management of immediate postoperative bleeding is unknown. We sought to determine how frequently UGIH complicates LRYGB and whether endoscopic management is(More)
Reactivation of chronic hepatitis B viral (HBV) infection, defined as conversion from the low level replicative phase (HBV-DNA negative) to the high level replicative phase (HBV-DNA positive) with continued hepatitis B surface antigen positivity, occurs after immunosuppressive therapy, chemotherapy, and rarely spontaneously. Development of hepatic failure(More)
We report on some of the optical properties of Hemoporfin (hematoporphyrin monomethyl ether, HMME), a photodynamic therapy (PDT) photosensitizer that has been in clinical trials in China since the early 1990s. We characterized the photosensitizer on the basis of one- and two-photon absorption and fluorescence emission. The effects of photobleaching were(More)
BACKGROUND Intra-arterial infusion of yttrium-90 (Y-90) microspheres is locoregional radiation therapy for unresectable hepatic neoplasms. Literature on GI complications of this novel therapy is sparse. OBJECTIVES Clinically and pictorially characterize selective internal radiation therapy (SIRT)-induced GI injury and review the published literature. (More)
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the second most common cause of cancer-related mortality in the United States. Colonoscopic screening with removal of adenomatous polyps in individuals at average risk is known to decrease the incidence and associated mortality from colon cancer. Certain conditions, notably inflammatory bowel disease involving the colon, a family(More)
Campylobacter fetus subspecies jejuni has recently been recognized as a significant cause of enteritis in humans. The organism has been previously postulated to cause illness by direct invasion of the mucosa of the gastrointestinal tract, but this has not been documented. Reported is a case of Campylobacter enteritis in which mucosal ulceration and crypt(More)