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Epidemiologic evidence suggests that cancer incidence is associated with diabetes as well as certain diabetes risk factors and treatments. This consensus statement of experts assembled jointly by the American Diabetes Association and the American Cancer Society reviews the state of science concerning 1) the association between diabetes and cancer incidence(More)
It is postulated that one major subtype of gastric carcinoma ("intestinal type") is the end- result of a series of mutations and cell transformation begun in the first decade of life. The mutagen could be a nitroso compound synthesised in the upper gastrointestinal tract by the action of nitrite (i.e., from food or saliva) on naturally occurring nitrogen(More)
Thermolyzed casein is known to promote the growth of aberrant crypt foci (ACF) and colon cancer when it is fed to rats that have been initiated with azoxymethane. We speculated that the promotion was a consequence of increased colonic protein fermentation (i.e., that the thermolysis of the casein decreases its digestibility, increases the amount of protein(More)
3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase catalyzes the formation of mevalonate, a precursor of cholesterol that is also required for cell proliferation. Mevalonate depletion results in a G1 phase cell cycle arrest that is mediated in part by impaired activity of cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) 2, and decreased expression of positive(More)
CLA inhibits mammary cancer and reduces body fat accumulation in rodents. It is not known whether uncoupling proteins (UCP), which are modulators of energy balance and metabolism, play a role in these actions of CLA. To determine the effects of dietary CLA on the expression of UCP in various tissues, 5-wk-old Sprague-Dawley rats and C57Bl/6 mice were fed(More)
In this study of the nitrosation of morpholine in the presence of ascorbic acid, the amount of ascorbate required to inhibit completely the formation of nitrosomorpholine depended on whether oxygen was present in the system. The nitric oxide (produced during the oxidation of ascorbate by nitrous acid) might have reacted with oxygen to yield additional(More)
A case control study of patients discharged from hospitals revealed fourfold differences in geographic variation in stomach cancer risk within the Department of Narino (Colombia). Data from gastroscopic surveys of population groups, samples of water supplies, and urine and saliva in Narino also indicated a generally positive correlation among the following(More)
BACKGROUND We describe new cranial and post-cranial marsupial fossils from the early Eocene Tingamarra Local Fauna in Australia and refer them to Djarthia murgonensis, which was previously known only from fragmentary dental remains. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS The new material indicates that Djarthia is a member of Australidelphia, a pan-Gondwanan(More)
A reconstruction of the skull, dentary and dentition of the middle Miocene ornithorhynchid Obdurodon dicksoni has been made possible by acquisition of nearly complete cranial and dental material. Access to new anatomical work on the living platypus, Ornithorhynchus anatinus, and the present comparative study of the cranial foramina of Ob. dicksoni and Or.(More)