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The oxygen-15 water bolus positron emission tomography (PET) method was used to image regional brain activity in 4 patients with chronic post-traumatic neuropathic pain confined to one lower limb and in 1 patient with post-herpetic neuralgia. In comparison to 13 normal subjects, scans of the patients disclosed a statistically significant decrease in(More)
The PET H2 15O-bolus method was used to image regional brain activity in normal human subjects during intense pain induced by intradermal injection of capsaicin and during post-capsaicin mechanical allodynia (the perception of pain from a normally non-painful stimulus). Images of regional cerebral blood flow were acquired during six conditions: (i) rest;(More)
Objective.  The safety and efficacy of intrathecal (IT) ziconotide was studied in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Materials and Methods.  Patients (169 ziconotide, 86 placebo) with severe chronic nonmalignant pain unresponsive to conventional therapy and a visual analog scale of pain intensity (VASPI score) ≥ 50 mm were treated over a(More)
NMDA antagonists and opioids relieve experimentally produced hyperalgesia in animals and humans, presumably by attenuating a heightened central nervous system response to afferent input. A few small studies in patients have suggested that intravenous boluses or rapid infusions of the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) antagonist ketamine relieve some neuropathic(More)
Because a variety of mechanisms may generate pain in neuropathic pain syndromes, conventional clinical trial methods may fail to identify some potentially useful drugs; a drug affecting just a single mechanism may work in too few patients to yield a statistically significant result for the trial. To test a previous clinical observation that approximately(More)
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