Michael Burstein

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We present a new approach to the automatic layout design for VLSI chips which incorporates timing information to influence the placement and wiring processes. This approach is an extension of the hierarchical layout method, in which placement and wiring are performed simultaneously [1]. We add a third phase of timing to the hierarchy, without affecting the(More)
We propose a new approach to automatic wire routing of VLSI chips which is applicable to interconnection problem in uniform structures such as gate arrays, switchboxes, channels. Popularity of gate arrays technologies still remains high among VLSI chip manufacturers and, as the scale of integration grows, the interconnection problem becomes increasingly(More)
The channel routing problem is a special case of the wire routing problem when interconnections have to be performed within a rectangular strip having no obstructions, between terminals located on opposite sides of the rectangle. We present here a new channel routing algorithm, based on reduction of the problem to the case of a (2&#215;<italic>n</italic>)(More)
(HRC) is a unique interdisciplinary research and teaching enterprise that reaches across academic disciplines and professions to conduct research in emerging issues on international human rights and humanitarian law. The HRC complements and supports the work of nongovernmental human rights organizations by drawing upon the creativity and expertise of(More)
We have found that Torpedo electric organ readily synthesizes prostaglandin E2 from both exogenous and endogenous arachidonate and that activation of the presynaptic muscarinic acetylcholine receptor increases the rate of prostaglandin E2 synthesis by inducing the release of tissue arachidonate from its phospholipid pools. The incorporation of radiolabeled(More)
The rate of translocation of newly synthesized acetylcholine (ACh) from the presynaptic cytosol of Torpedo electric organ nerve terminals into synaptic vesicles and the extent to which ACh release from these neurons is mediated by a vesicular mechanism were investigated. For this purpose the compound 2(4-phenylpiperidino)cyclohexanol (AH5183), which(More)