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The consequences of changes in the oculomotor system on the three-dimensional eye movements are difficult to grasp. Although changes to the rectus muscles can still be approximately understood with simplified geometric models, this approach no longer works with the oblique muscles. It is shown how SEE++, a biomechanical model of the oculomotor plant that(More)
"Grid-Enabled SEE++" is based on the SEE++ software system for the biomechanical simulation of the human eye. "Grid-Enabled SEE++" extends SEE++ in several steps in order to develop an efficient grid-based tool for "Evidence Based Medicine", which supports surgeons in choosing optimal surgery techniques for the treatment of certain eye motility disorders.(More)
PURPOSE Eye motility disorders with axial high myopia and an enlarged globe are often characterized by a hypotropia of the affected eye, usually referred to as heavy-eye syndrome. Based on an intuitive interpretation of magnetic resonance (MR) images, the cause of the hypotropia has typically been assigned to the rectus muscles. In this study, the(More)
PURPOSE To simulate and check the plausibility of the proposed mechanisms of X-pattern exotropia and to determine the least invasive surgical method that can be used to treat the disorder. DESIGN Computational supported analysis and retrospective study. METHODS The oculomotor model SEE++ was used to simulate the effects of the different causes that have(More)
INTRODUCTION Auricular reconstruction is a great challenge in facial plastic surgery. With the advances in surgical techniques and biotechnology, different options are available for consideration. The aim of this paper is to review the knowledge about the various techniques for total auricular reconstruction based on the literature and our experience. (More)
SEE-GRID is based on the SEE++ software system for the biomechanical simulation of the human eye. The goal of SEE-GRID is to extend SEE++ in several steps in order to develop an efficient grid-based tool for " Evidence Based Medicine " , which supports surgeons in choosing optimal surgery techniques for the treatment of certain eye motility disorders.(More)
INTRODUCTION Latest measurements of the vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) allowed the integration of the simulation of the Bielschowsky head-tilt test (BHTT) into the SEE++ software system. SEE++ realizes a biomechanical model of the human eye in order to simulate eye motility disorders and strabismus surgeries. With the addition of the BHTT it can now also be(More)
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