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The mammalian circadian clock uses interlocked negative feedback loops in which the heterodimeric basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor BMAL1/CLOCK is a master regulator. While there is prominent control of liver functions by the circadian clock, the detailed links between circadian regulators and downstream targets are poorly known. Using chromatin(More)
Tim23, an essential component of the protein import machinery of the inner membrane of mitochondria (TIM complex), forms dimers that display a dynamic behavior. Dimer formation is promoted by the membrane potential delta psi. Binding of a matrix targeting sequence to Tim23 triggers dimer dissociation. Monomeric Tim23 is present when a preprotein chain is in(More)
Proteins that are destined for the matrix of mitochondria are transported into this organelle by two translocases: the TOM complex, which transports proteins across the outer mitochondrial membrane; and the TIM23 complex, which gets them through the inner mitochondrial membrane. Two models have been proposed to explain how this protein-import machinery(More)
  • Erik Malzahn, Stilianos Ciprianidis, Krisztina Káldi, Tobias Schafmeier, Michael Brunner
  • 2010
Light responses and photoadaptation of Neurospora depend on the photosensory light-oxygen-voltage (LOV) domains of the circadian transcription factor White Collar Complex (WCC) and its negative regulator VIVID (VVD). We found that light triggers LOV-mediated dimerization of the WCC. The activated WCC induces expression of VVD, which then disrupts and(More)
Tim23, a key component of the mitochondrial preprotein translocase, is anchored in the inner membrane by its C-terminal domain and exposes an intermediate domain in the intermembrane space that functions as a presequence receptor. We show that the N-terminal domain of Tim23 is exposed on the surface of the outer membrane. The two-membrane-spanning topology(More)
The large (l) and small (s) isoforms of FREQUENCY (FRQ) are elements of interconnected feedback loops of the Neurospora circadian clock. The expression ratio of l-FRQ vs. s-FRQ is regulated by thermosensitive splicing of an intron containing the initiation codon for l-FRQ. We show that this splicing is dependent on light and temperature and displays a(More)
We have identified a complex in mitochondria that functions as a part of the preprotein import machinery of the inner membrane (MIM complex). Two known components, MIM23 and MIM17, and two novel components, MIM33 and MIM14, were found as constituents of this complex. In the presence of a translocating chain, the outer membrane import machinery (MOM complex)(More)
The circadian clock protein Frequency (FRQ) feedback-regulates its own expression by inhibiting its transcriptional activator, White Collar Complex (WCC). We present evidence that FRQ regulates the bulk of WCC through modulation of its phosphorylation status rather than via direct complex formation. In the absence of FRQ, WCC is hypophosphorylated and(More)
Circadian clocks drive daily rhythms in physiology and behaviour, and thus allow organisms to better adapt to rhythmic changes in the environment. Circadian oscillators are cell-autonomous systems, which generate via transcriptional, post-transcriptional, translational and post-translational control mechanisms a daily activity-rhythm of a circadian(More)
— The fixed chassis design of commonly employed mobile robots restricts their application to fairly flat environments , as the wheel diameters or the track heights impose hard limits on their mobility. Unstructured outdoor and urban environments alike comprehend many different invincible obstacles for most of those systems, like stairs, boulders or rubble.(More)