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Recent extensive water quality surveys in Ireland revealed that diffuse phosphorus (P) pollution originating from agricultural land and transported by runoff and subsurface flows is the primary cause of the deterioration of surface water quality. P transport from land to water can be described by mathematical models that vary in modelling approach,(More)
Grid-oriented, physically based catchment models calculate fields of various hydrological variables relevant to phosphorus detachment and transport. These include (i) for surface transport: overland flow depth and flow in the coordinate directions, sediment load, and sediment concentration and (ii) for subsurface transport: soil moisture and hydraulic head(More)
Forecasts of changes in precipitation (P) and potential evaporation (PE) can be applied to hydrologic models calibrated on existing conditions to obtain predictions of changes in runo€. This study describes an alternative approach, which uses a simple soilmoisture accounting model with a small number of independent and physically based parameters to explore(More)
Episodic surface water acidification is common in many regions worldwide; the driving processes are dependent on a variety of physicochemical and climatic characteristics, and acid deposition pressures, which have changed significantly over the last two decades. This study provided a unique opportunity to re-examine the drivers of acidity in an environment(More)
Windrowing is widely practised, across Europe and North America, in bole-only harvested coniferous forest plantations before replanting. Forest harvesting has been shown to significantly increase sediment and nutrient losses to watercourses in other studies but windrowing effects, which are as bad, have not been investigated in detail. To determine(More)
Highway runoff has been identified as a significant source of contaminants that impact on the receiving aquatic environment. Several studies have been completed documenting the characteristics of highway runoff and its implication to the receiving water in the UK and elsewhere. However, very little information is available for Ireland. The objective of this(More)
The method of regularization with additional information proposed by the authors is evaluated in a split sample test which compares it with the least squares and ordinary regularization methods. Data from 30 catchments are used. Additional information is provided by a simple conceptual model either fitted by a regression on physical characteristics of the(More)