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BACKGROUND A tendency to orient attention toward threatening stimuli may be involved in the etiology of anxiety disorders. In keeping with this, both psychological and pharmacological treatments of anxiety reduce this negative attentional bias. It has been hypothesized, but not proved, that psychological interventions may alter the function of prefrontal(More)
A negative bias in the deployment of attention to emotional stimuli is commonly found in both anxiety and depression. Recent work has highlighted that such biases are causally related to emotional vulnerability, suggesting that interventions that ameliorate them may be therapeutic. Here, we review the evidence that attentional bias can be modified using(More)
Depression is a global health problem requiring treatment innovation. Targeting neglected cognitive aspects may provide a useful route. We tested a cognitive-training paradigm using positive mental imagery (imagery cognitive bias modification, imagery CBM), developed via experimental psychopathology studies, in a randomized controlled trial. Training was(More)
A system devised for tissue typing the HLA-A locus by PCR from genomic DNA has been used to investigate abnormalities of HLA expression in a panel of 30 colorectal tumor cell lines, by comparing the HLA-A locus genotype with surface expression of HLA. Three cell lines showed complete lack of HLA expression associated with failure to express beta(More)
There is intense interest in the development of effective cognitive enhancing drugs which would have therapeutic application across a number of neurological and psychological disorders including dementia, schizophrenia and depression. However, development in this area has been limited by the absence of sensitive biomarkers which can be used to detect and(More)
UNLABELLED Biases in attention processes are thought to play a crucial role in the aetiology and maintenance of Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD). The goal of the present study was to examine the efficacy of a programme intended to train attention towards positive cues and a programme intended to train attention towards negative cues. In a randomised,(More)
A range of androgen conjugates with non-conventional platinum(II) complexes have been synthesised with the aim of targeting tumour cells since many display elevated levels of the androgen receptor. The androgenic platinum conjugates are delivered into selected cells with improved efficiency (when compared to their non-steroidal analogues). The act of(More)
We have developed a single DNA typing method which uses 144 sequence-specific primer (SSP) reactions to simultaneously detect all known HLA-A, B, C, DRB1, DRB3, DRB4, DRB5 and DQB1 specificities in an allele specific or group specific manner using the same method, reagents, PCR parameters and protocols for all loci. The results from this integrated class I(More)
BACKGROUND Emotional processing measures are sensitive to acute administration of clinically useful antidepressant drugs. We wished to test the hypothesis that these models would also be able to detect agents likely to cause depression as an adverse effect. The anti-obesity drug and cannabinoid type 1 receptor antagonist, rimonabant, is associated with(More)
The aetiology, clinical course and affected organs were studied in 124 patients with acquired systemic amyloidosis and seven patients with organ-limited amyloid deposits. Seventy-five patients had reactive systemic AA amyloidosis, which was associated with rheumatic disease in 55 and with chronic infection in 13 cases. Forty-nine patients had systemic AL(More)