Michael Borrie

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Ventricular enlargement may be an objective and sensitive measure of neuropathological change associated with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and Alzheimer's disease (AD), suitable to assess disease progression for multi-centre studies. This study compared (i) ventricular enlargement after six months in subjects with MCI, AD and normal elderly controls(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with risk and age at onset of Alzheimer disease (AD) in a genomewide association study of 469 438 SNPs. DESIGN Case-control study with replication. SETTING Memory referral clinics in Canada and the United Kingdom. PARTICIPANTS The hypothesis-generating data set consisted of 753(More)
We investigated factors associated with falls in a community-based prospective study of 761 subjects 70 years and older. The group experienced 507 falls during the year of monitoring. On entry to the study a number of variables had been assessed in each subject. Variables associated with an increased risk of falling differed in men and women. In men,(More)
A sample of 761 subjects 70 years and over was drawn from general-practice records of a rural township. Each subject was assessed and followed for 1 year to determine the incidence of and factors related to falls. The fall rate (number of falls per 100 person-years) increased from 47 for those aged 70-74 years to 121 for those 80 years and over. There was(More)
APOE epsilon4 is the best-established genetic risk factor for sporadic Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, while homozygotes show greater disease susceptibility and earlier age of onset than heterozygotes, they may not show faster rates of clinical progression. We hypothesize that there are differential APOE epsilon4 allele-load dependent influences on(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the relative independent contributions of mobility and mental function to the prevalence rate of incontinence in a long-term care hospital and to establish the baseline prevalence rate and cost of incontinence before implementation of a continence program. DESIGN Prevalence survey. SETTING Long-term care hospital. PARTICIPANTS(More)
Altered neurometabolic profiles have been detected in Alzheimer disease (AD) using (1)H magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS), but no definitive biomarker of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) or AD has been established. This study used MRS to compare hippocampal metabolite levels between normal elderly controls (NEC) and subjects with MCI and AD. Short(More)
BACKGROUND Dementia can now be accurately diagnosed through clinical evaluation, cognitive screening, basic laboratory evaluation and structural imaging. A large number of ancillary techniques are also available to aid in diagnosis, but their role in the armamentarium of family physicians remains controversial. In this article, we provide physicians with(More)
Gait disorders are common in the course of dementia, even at the stage of mild cognitive impairment, owing to probable changes in higher levels of motor control. Since motor control message is ultimately supported in the brain by the primary motor cortex and since cortical lesions are frequent in the dementia process, we hypothesized that impairments of the(More)
OBJECTIVES To examine common clinical problems in geriatric rehabilitation and to make recommendations for current practice based on evidence from the literature. DATA SOURCES A CINAHL database and 2 MEDLINE searches were conducted for 1980 to 2001. A fourth search was completed by using the Cochrane database. STUDY SELECTION One author reviewed the(More)