Michael Blaber

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Six "cavity-creating" mutants, Leu46----Ala (L46A), L99A, L118A, L121A, L133A, and Phe153----Ala (F153A), were constructed within the hydrophobic core of phage T4 lysozyme. The substitutions decreased the stability of the protein at pH 3.0 by different amounts, ranging from 2.7 kilocalories per mole (kcal mol-1) for L46A and L121A to 5.0 kcal mol-1 for(More)
The human kallikreins are a large multigene family of closely related serine-type proteases. In this regard, they are similar to the multigene kallikrein families characterized in mice and rats. There is a much more extensive body of knowledge regarding the function of mouse and rat kallikreins in comparison with the human kallikreins. Human kallikrein 6(More)
We have identified a novel serine protease, myelencephalon-specific protease (MSP), which is preferentially expressed in the adult CNS, and therein, is abundant in both neurones and oligodendroglia. To determine the potential activity of MSP in CNS demyelination, we examined its expression in multiple sclerosis lesions and in two animal models of multiple(More)
The objective of this study was to define the potential scope of action of tissue kallikreins in T cell-mediated disease of the CNS. We demonstrate quantitatively the differential expression of all 15 human tissue kallikreins within brain, spinal cord and immune compartments. In human Jurkat T cells we demonstrate differential regulation of select(More)
The propensity of an amino acid to form an alpha helix in a protein was determined by multiple amino substitutions at positions 44 and 131 in T4 lysozyme. These positions are solvent-exposed sites within the alpha helices that comprise, respectively, residues 39 to 50 and 126 to 134. Except for two acidic substitutions that may be involved in salt bridges,(More)
Serine proteinases like thrombin can signal to cells by the cleavage/activation of proteinase-activated receptors (PARs). Although thrombin is a recognized physiological activator of PAR(1) and PAR(4), the endogenous enzymes responsible for activating PAR(2) in settings other than the gastrointestinal system, where trypsin can activate PAR(2), are unknown.(More)
The human kallikrein (KLK)-related peptidases are the largest family of serine peptidases, comprising 15 members (KLK1-15) and with the majority (KLK4-15) being identified only within the last decade. Members of this family are associated with important diseased states (including cancer, inflammation, and neurodegeneration) and have been utilized or(More)
Kallikrein 6 (K6, MSP) is a newly identified member of the Kallikrein family of serine proteases that is preferentially expressed in the adult central nervous system (CNS). We have previously demonstrated that K6 is abundantly expressed by inflammatory cells at sites of CNS inflammation and demyelination in animal models of multiple sclerosis (MS) and in(More)
Fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) are mitogenic and chemotactic agents for a wide variety of cell types and play a primary role in the regulation of angiogenesis. Angiogenesis is involved in a variety of critical physiological events including organogenesis, wound healing, ischemic collateral circulation, and solid tumor growth. High-resolution structural(More)
Human kallikreins are serine proteases that comprise a recently identified large and closely related 15-member family. The kallikreins include both regulatory- and degradative-type proteases, impacting a variety of physiological processes including regulation of blood pressure, neuronal health, and the inflammatory response. While the function of the(More)