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Studies on various forms of synaptic plasticity have shown a link between messenger RNA translation, learning and memory. Like memory, synaptic plasticity includes an early phase that depends on modification of pre-existing proteins, and a late phase that requires transcription and synthesis of new proteins. Activation of postsynaptic targets seems to(More)
Regulation of translation factor activity plays a major role in protein synthesis-dependent forms of synaptic plasticity. We examined translational control across the critical period of Arc synthesis underlying consolidation of long term potentiation (LTP) in the dentate gyrus of intact, anesthetized rats. LTP induction by high frequency stimulation (HFS)(More)
The mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) integrates mitogen and nutrient signals to control cell proliferation and cell size. Hence, mTORC1 is implicated in a large number of human diseases--including diabetes, obesity, heart disease, and cancer--that are characterized by aberrant cell growth and proliferation. Although eukaryotic translation(More)
The G2019S mutation in the multidomain protein leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 (LRRK2) is one of the most frequently identified genetic causes of Parkinson's disease (PD). Clinically, LRRK2(G2019S) carriers with PD and idiopathic PD patients have a very similar disease with brainstem and cortical Lewy pathology (α-synucleinopathy) as histopathological(More)
The eIF4E-binding proteins (4E-BPs) repress translation initiation by preventing eIF4F complex formation. Of the three mammalian 4E-BPs, only 4E-BP2 is enriched in the mammalian brain and plays an important role in synaptic plasticity and learning and memory formation. Here we describe asparagine deamidation as a brain-specific posttranslational(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) concentration of α-synuclein may reflect the aggregation of α-synuclein in brain tissue that neuropathologically characterizes Parkinson's disease (PD). Although most studies in large cohorts report reduced CSF α-synuclein levels in PD, the available data to date are not consistent due to variation in(More)
BACKGROUND 4E-BP is a translational inhibitor that binds to eIF4E to repress cap-dependent translation initiation. This critical protein:protein interaction is regulated by the phosphorylation of 4E-BP. Hypophosphorylated 4E-BP binds to eIF4E and inhibits cap-dependent translation, whereas hyperphosphorylated forms do not. While three 4E-BP proteins exist(More)
The recent development of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) kinase domain inhibitors and genetic dissection of rapamycin-sensitive and -insensitive mTOR protein complexes (mTORC1 and mTORC2) have revealed that phosphorylation of the mTOR substrate 4E-BP1 on amino acids Thr37 and/or Thr46 represents a rapamycin-insensitive activity of mTORC1. Despite(More)
The application of maximum likelihood multivariate calibration methods to the uorescence emission spectra of mixtures of ace-naphthylene, naphthalene, and phenanthrene in acetonitrile is de-scrib ed. M aximum likelihood principal components regressio n (MLPCR) takes into account the m easurement error structure in the spectral data in constructing the(More)
In eukaryotes, a rate-limiting step of translation initiation is recognition of the mRNA 5' m(7)GpppN cap structure by the eukaryotic initiation factor 4F (eIF4F), a heterotrimeric complex consisting of the cap-binding protein, eIF4E, along with eIF4G, and eIF4A. The eIF4E-binding proteins (4E-BPs) repress translation by disrupting eIF4F formation, thereby(More)