Michael Berhanu

Learn More
The Von Kármán Sodium experiment yields a variety of dynamo regimes, when asymmetry is imparted to the flow by rotating impellers at different speed F1 and F2. We show that as the intensity of forcing, measured as F1 + F2, is increased, the transition to a self-sustained magnetic field is always observed via a supercritical bifurcation to a stationary(More)
PURPOSE Corneal confocal microscopy is a reiterative, rapid, noninvasive in vivo clinical examination technique capable of imaging corneal nerve fibers. Nerve fiber tortuosity may indicate a degenerative and attempted regenerative response of nerve fibers to diabetes. The purpose of this study was to define alterations in the tortuosity of corneal nerve(More)
– We report the first experimental observation of reversals of a dynamo field generated in a laboratory experiment based on a turbulent flow of liquid sodium. The magnetic field randomly switches between two symmetric solutions B and −B. We observe a hierarchy of time scales similar to the Earth's magnetic field: the duration of the steady phases is widely(More)
We investigate the spatial structure of cohesive granular matter with spheres floating at an air-liquid interface that form disordered close packings with pores in between. The interface is slowly lowered in a conical container to uniformly compress and study the system as a function of area fraction ϕ. We find that the free area distributions associated(More)
We measure the swimming speed of a cylindrical version of Taylor's swimming sheet in viscoelastic fluids, and find that depending on the rheology, the speed can either increase or decrease relative to the speed in a Newtonian viscous fluid. The swimming stroke of the sheet is a prescribed propagating wave that travels along the sheet in the azimuthal(More)
We study the flow response to an externally imposed homogeneous magnetic field in a turbulent swirling flow of liquid sodium – the VKS2 experiment in which magnetic Reynolds numbers Rm up to 50 are reached. Induction effects are larger than in the former VKS1 experiment (1; 2). At Rm larger than about 25, the local amplitude of induced field components(More)
We investigate erosion patterns observed in a horizontal granular bed resulting from seepage of water motivated by observation of beach rills and channel growth in larger scale land forms. Our experimental apparatus consists of a wide rectangular box filled with glass beads with a narrow opening in one of the side walls from which eroded grains can exit.(More)
We report the first experimental observation of reversals of a dynamo field generated in a laboratory experiment based on a turbulent flow of liquid sodium. The magnetic field randomly switches between two symmetric solutions B and −B. We observe a hierarchy of time scales similar to the Earth's magnetic field: the duration of the steady phases is widely(More)
  • 1