Michael Belz

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The first phase of glucose-induced insulin secretion is generally regarded to represent the release of a finite pool of secretion-ready granules, triggered by the depolarization-induced influx of Ca2+ through L-type Ca2+ channels. However, the experimental induction of insulin secretion by imposed plasma membrane depolarization may be more complicated than(More)
Depolarization by a high K(+) concentration is a widely used experimental tool to stimulate insulin secretion. The effects occurring after the initial rise in secretion were investigated here. After the initial peak a fast decline occurred, which was followed by a slowly progressive decrease in secretion when a strong K(+) depolarization was used. At 40 mM(More)
The question whether K⁺ depolarization is an appropriate experimental substitute for the physiological nutrient-induced depolarization of the β-cell plasma membrane was investigated using primary mouse β-cells and islets. At basal glucose 40 mM K⁺ induced a massive monophasic response, whereas 15 mM K⁺ had only a minimal insulinotropic effect, even though(More)
Flocking behaviour, as a type of self-organised collective behaviour, is described as the spatial formation of groups without global control and explicit inter-individual recruitment signals. It can be observed in many animals, such as bird flocks, shoals or herds of ungulates. Spatial attraction between humans as the central component of flocking behaviour(More)
This study on competition in human groups was performed within the context of the competitive outcome interdependence concept: the degree to which personal outcomes among group members are affected by the consequences of task performance of others, e.g. when one group member gains a high reward for a task, this lowers the available reward for other group(More)
How is movement of individuals coordinated as a group? This is a fundamental question of social behaviour, encompassing phenomena such as bird flocking, fish schooling, and the innumerable activities in human groups that require people to synchronise their actions. We have developed an experimental paradigm, the HoneyComb computer-based multi-client game,(More)
INTRODUCTION Chronic depression is a frequent disorder and is usually treated using traditional approaches. These approaches rarely take into account the psychopathological specificities of the chronic evolution of the disorder. OBJECTIVE The present article aims at presenting the specific psychopathological nature of chronic depression and puts forward a(More)
1.3) V contribution of L-type calcium channels (Ca − spinal neurons Calcium dynamics during NMDA-induced membrane potential oscillations in lamprey spinal cord Modulation of calcium currents and membrane properties by substance P in the lamprey implantation Ion channels in the endometrium: regulation of endometrial receptivity and embryo depolarization(More)
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