Michael Bell

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An encephalitis outbreak was investigated in Faridpur District, Bangladesh, in April-May 2004 to determine the cause of the outbreak and risk factors for disease. Biologic specimens were tested for Nipah virus. Surfaces were evaluated for Nipah virus contamination by using reverse transcription-PCR (RT-PCR). Thirty-six cases of Nipah virus illness were(More)
Inflammation during the perinatal period has become a recognized risk factor for developmental brain injuries over the past decade or more. To fully understand the relationship between inflammation and brain development, a comprehensive knowledge about the immune system within the brain is essential. Microglia are resident immune cells within the central(More)
Infections with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) are increasingly community acquired. We investigated an outbreak in which a food handler, food specimen, and three ill patrons were culture positive for the same toxin-producing strain of MRSA. This is the first report of an outbreak of gastrointestinal illness caused by community-acquired(More)
The diversity and abundance of non-long terminal repeat (LTR) retrotransposons (nLTR-RT) differ drastically among vertebrate genomes. At one extreme, the genome of placental mammals is littered with hundreds of thousands of copies resulting from the activity of a single clade of nLTR-RT, the L1 clade. In contrast, fish genomes contain a much more diverse(More)
The automated material handling system (AMHS) may become a critical factor that constrains the capacity of 12-wafer-lot systems. In this paper, AMHS productivity detractors affecting small lot manufacturing are studied, including the track layout, number of vehicles, empty vehicle management rules, number of stockers, stocker capacity, among others. Linked(More)
Tin oxide films were implanted with N + at various energies between 5 to 40 keV for different ion doses between 10 14 to 10 16 cm-2. The microstructure, optical and electrical properties of the films were investigated. From Transmission Electron Microscopy the implanted films were shown to be amorphous. The implanted thickness for the 10 keV and 40 keV were(More)
Many of the survivors of the 2014-2015 epidemic of Ebola virus disease (EVD) in western Africa were women of childbearing age. Limited clinical and laboratory data exist that describe these women's pregnancies and outcomes. We report the case of an EVD survivor who became pregnant and delivered her child in the United States, and we discuss implications of(More)
COURSE DESCRIPTION I have designed this course to introduce graduate students to the field of environmental sociology. We will spend the first ten weeks of class getting acquainted with major areas of debate in environmental sociology through 'classic' journal articles and synthetic review articles. In the last five weeks of the semester, we will then build(More)