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In order to estimate the cumulative incidence rates of the mucopolysaccharidoses (MPS) in Germany, a retrospective epidemiological survey covering the period between 1980 and 1995 was implemented. Multiple ascertainment sources were used to identify affected patients. A prevalence of approximately 0.69 cases per 100 000 births was obtained for MPS I (Hurler(More)
Anderson-Fabry disease (AFD) is an X-linked disorder caused by deficient activity of the lysosomal enzyme alpha-galactosidase A. The availability of enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) for this debilitating condition has led to the need for a convenient and sensitive instrument to monitor clinical effects in an individual patient. This study aimed to develop a(More)
Hunter syndrome is a rare, X-linked disorder caused by a deficiency of the lysosomal enzyme iduronate-2-sulfatase. In the absence of sufficient enzyme activity, glycosaminoglycans accumulate in the lysosomes of many tissues and organs and contribute to the multisystem, progressive pathologies seen in Hunter syndrome. The nervous, cardiovascular,(More)
Mucopolysaccharidosis type II (MPS II; Hunter syndrome) is a rare X-linked recessive disease caused by deficiency of the lysosomal enzyme iduronate-2-sulphatase, leading to progressive accumulation of glycosaminoglycans in nearly all cell types, tissues and organs. Clinical manifestations include severe airway obstruction, skeletal deformities,(More)
During the last few years, much progress has been made in the treatment of lysosomal storage disorders. In the past, no specific therapy was available for the affected patients, and management consisted solely of supportive care and treatment of complications. Since enzyme replacement therapy has been successfully introduced for patients with Gaucher(More)
The mucopolysaccharidoses (MPS) is characterized by accumulation of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs), and mucolipidosis (ML) by accumulation of GAGs and sphingolipids. Each type of MPS accumulates specific GAGs. The lysosomal enzymes N-acetylgalactosamine-6-sulphate sulphatase and β-galactosidase involve the stepwise degradation of keratan sulphate (KS).(More)
BACKGROUND Pompe disease is a progressive metabolic neuromuscular disorder resulting from deficiency of lysosomal acid alpha-glucosidase (GAA). Infantile-onset Pompe disease is characterized by cardiomyopathy, respiratory and skeletal muscle weakness, and early death. The safety and efficacy of recombinant human (rh) GAA were evaluated in 18 patients with(More)
AIM To assess the effects of enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) in children with Fabry disease. METHODS Safety and efficacy of ERT with agalsidase alfa, 0.2 mg/kg infused over 40 minutes every 2 weeks for 23 weeks, were studied in a multicentre open-label trial in nine boys and four girls. Median age at the start of the study was 11.0 years (range 3.5-18(More)
OBJECTIVE To confirm the efficacy and safety of recombinant human alpha-L-iduronidase (laronidase) in patients with mucopolysaccharidosis I (MPS I). STUDY DESIGN This was a randomized, double-blinded, multinational study of 45 patients with MPS I administered 100 U/kg (0.58 mg/kg) laronidase, or placebo intravenously weekly for 26 weeks. The coprimary(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the safety and efficacy of recombinant human iduronate-2-sulfatase (idursulfase) in the treatment of mucopolysaccharidosis II. METHODS Ninety-six mucopolysaccharidosis II patients between 5 and 31 years of age were enrolled in a double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Patients were randomized to placebo infusions, weekly idursulfase(More)