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Transrectal biopsies under 2D ultrasound (US) control are the current clinical standard for prostate cancer diagnosis. The isoechogenic nature of prostate carcinoma makes it necessary to sample the gland systematically, resulting in a low sensitivity. Also, it is difficult for the clinician to follow the sampling protocol accurately under 2D US control and(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Percutaneous renal access in the context of percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) is a difficult technique, requiring rapid and precise access to a particular calix. We present a computerized system designed to improve percutaneous renal access by projecting the ultrasound puncture tract onto fluoroscopic images. MATERIALS AND METHODS(More)
OBJECTIVE Mapping of transrectal ultrasonographic (TRUS) prostate biopsies is of fundamental importance for either diagnostic purposes or the management and treatment of prostate cancer, but the localization of the cores seems inaccurate. Our objective was to evaluate the capacities of an operator to plan transrectal prostate biopsies under 2-dimensional(More)
The poor signal-to-noise ratio in transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) images makes the fully automatic segmentation of the prostate challenging and most approaches proposed in the literature still lack robustness and accuracy. However, it is relatively straightforward to obtain high quality segmentations in magnetic resonance (MR) images. In the context of MR to(More)
Surgery on the prostate and kidney, and other soft organs and tissues, is aided by robots that perform procedures such as needle positioning and insertion. ABSTRACT | Until recently, computer-aided medical interventions (CAMI) and medical robotics have focused on rigid and nondeformable anatomical structures. Nowadays, special attention is paid to soft(More)
The emergence of real-time 3D ultrasound (US) makes it possible to consider image-based tracking of subcutaneous soft tissue targets for computer guided diagnosis and therapy. We propose a 3D transrectal US based tracking system for precise prostate biopsy sample localisation. The aim is to improve sample distribution, to enable targeting of unsampled(More)
Computer-assisted prostate biopsies became a very active research area during the last years. Prostate tracking makes it possible to overcome several drawbacks of the current standard transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) biopsy procedure, namely the insufficient targeting accuracy which may lead to a biopsy distribution of poor quality, the very approximate(More)
This paper describes a new 3-D ultrasound robotic prostate brachytherapy system. It uses a stationary 3-D ultrasound probe rigidly fixed to a robotic needle insertion mechanism. The novelty of the system is its ability to track prostate motion intraoperatively to allow the dose planning and needle trajectories or depths to be adapted to take into account(More)
With the emergence of swept-volume ultrasound (US) probes, precise and almost real-time US volume imaging has become available. This offers many new opportunities for computer guided diagnosis and therapy, 3-D images containing significantly more information than 2-D slices. However, computer guidance often requires knowledge about the exact position of US(More)
3D UltraSound (US) probes are used in clinical applications for their ease of use and ability to obtain intra-operative volumes. In surgical navigation applications a calibration step is needed to localize the probe in a general coordinate system. This paper presents a new hand-eye calibration method using directly the kinematic model of a robot and US(More)