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  • M Bach
  • Optometry and vision science : official…
  • 1996
The Freiburg Visual Acuity test is an automated procedure for self-administered measurement of visual acuity. Landolt-Cs are presented on a monitor in one of eight orientations. The subject presses one of eight buttons, which are spatially arranged on a response box according to the eight possible positions of the Landolt-Cs' gap. To estimate the acuity(More)
This document, from the International Society for Clinical Electrophysiology of Vision (ISCEV), presents an updated and revised ISCEV Standard for clinical electroretinography (ERG). The parameters for flash stimulation and background adaptation have been tightened, and responses renamed to indicate the flash strength (in cd·s·m−2). The ISCEV Standard(More)
Visual evoked potentials (VEPs) can provide important diagnostic information regarding the functional integrity of the visual system. This document updates the ISCEV standard for clinical VEP testing and supersedes the 2004 standard. The major change in this revision is that test parameters have been made more precise to achieve better consistency of(More)
  • Michael Bach
  • Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental…
  • 2006
The Freiburg Visual Acuity and Contrast Test (FrACT) has been further developed; it is now available for Macintosh and Windows free of charge at http://www.michaelbach.de/fract.html . The present study sought to reduce the test-retest variability of visual acuity on short runs (18 trials) by post-hoc re-analysis. The FrACT employs advanced computer graphics(More)
We recorded visually evoked potentials (VEPs) to motion onset/offset of square-wave gratings (dominant spatial frequency 0.69 c/deg, velocity 4.9 deg/sec, contrast 10%, luminance 15 cd/m2) with three electrode combinations (Oz vs Fz, Oz vs linked ears and parietal vs linked ears). In one experiment (seven subjects), we examined the effect of the duty-cycle(More)
Fourier analysis is a powerful tool in signal analysis that can be very fruitfully applied to steady-state evoked potentials (flicker ERG, pattern ERG, VEP, etc.). However, there are some inherent assumptions in the underlying discrete Fourier transform (DFT) that are not necessarily fulfilled in typical electrophysiological recording and analysis(More)
The clinical multifocal electroretinogram (mfERG) is an electrophysiological test of local retinal function. With this technique, many local ERG responses are recorded quasi-simultaneously from the cone-driven retina under light-adapted conditions. This document, from the International Society for Clinical Electrophysiology of Vision (ISCEV: www.iscev.org(More)
We compared the contrast dependency (from 0.4 to 98%) of the visual evoked potential (VEP) to motion onset and to pattern reversal at an occipital and lateral recording site using sinewave grating stimuli of 0.9 c/deg, drifting at 4.9 deg/sec. Two differing VEP components were identified: a positive component, peaking at around 130 msec, dominating the(More)
The aim of this study was to quantitatively describe the dynamics of adaptation to visual motion with electrophysiological and psychophysical methods in man. We recorded visual evoked potentials (VEPs) to motion onset of random dot patterns from occipital and occipito-temporal electrodes during a succession of adaptation-recovery sequences. In these(More)
This document, from the International Society for Clinical Electrophysiology of Vision (ISCEV), presents an updated and revised ISCEV Standard for full-field clinical electroretinography (ffERG or simply ERG). The parameters for Standard flash stimuli have been revised to accommodate a variety of light sources including gas discharge lamps and light(More)