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We have studied the expression of the growth-associated protein GAP-43 after injury to the axons of adult rat retinal ganglion cells (CNS neurons that do not normally regenerate injured axons). Both the biosynthetic labeling of GAP-43 and the GAP-43 immunoreactivity of the retina increased after axotomy, but only when the injury was within 3 mm of the eye.(More)
Neurofilaments in the axons of mammalian spinal cord neurons are extensively cross-linked; consequently, the filaments and their cross-bridges compose a three-dimensional lattice. We have used antibody decoration in situ combined with tissue preparation by the quick-freeze, deep-etch technique to locate three neurofilament polypeptides (195, 145, and 73 Kd)(More)
We have compared the polypeptides undergoing axonal transport in the retinal ganglion cells of neonatal and adult rabbits, and have observed the following: (1) Representative polypeptides of five different adult transport groups are axonally transported from the time of birth. (2) Polypeptides of group IV (a group that includes actin and myosin) are(More)
We have determined that a protein of the fodrin-spectrin-TW260/240 (FST) family is a component of the thin fibrils (approximately 5 nm wide, 100-200 nm long) that cross-link bundles of actin filaments to adjacent actin bundles and to the plasma membrane in the terminal web of the brush border of the intestinal epithelium. When isolated brush borders were(More)
Growth-associated protein, GAP-43, is a polypeptide that is induced in neurons when they grow axons. We show by means of subcellular fractionation and immunohistochemical localization that GAP-43 is a component of neuronal growth cones as well as growing neurites; it is similar to a major phosphoprotein, pp46, of a growth cone-enriched subcellular fraction.(More)
Fodrin (formerly designated 26 and 27) comprises two polypeptides (250,000 and 240,000 mol wt) that are axonally transported at a maximum time-averaged velocity of 40 mm/d--slower than the most rapidly moving axonally transported proteins, but faster than at least three additional groups of proteins. In this communication, we report the intracellular(More)
Sympathetic neurons regenerating in culture were studied in order to gain further insight into the intracellular distribution and phosphorylation of GAP-43, a protein that has been suggested to have a role in axonal outgrowth and neuronal plasticity (Willard et al., 1987). Superior cervical ganglion neurons from embryonic rats were highly reactive with a(More)
We have determined that a genetically polymorphic polypeptide (H, molecular weight approximately equal to 195,000) of the rabbit nervous system is transported down the retinal ganglion cell axons at a velocity of 0.7-1.1 mm/day. The H-polypeptide and probably at least two additional polypeptides (molecular weights approximately 145,000 and 73,000) therefore(More)
GAP-43 is a neuronal phosphoprotein. Increased synthesis and axonal transport of GAP-43 has been associated with axon growth, and altered phosphorylation of GAP-43 has been associated with changes in synaptic efficacy. Here we report a rapid and effective procedure employing reverse-phase HPLC for the purification of GAP-43 from rat brain. To characterize(More)
Three polypeptides that compose neurofilaments, designated H, M, and L, are synthesized in the cell bodies of neurons and subsequently conveyed down their axons by the process of slow axonal transport. The axonal form of H, which is a component of the cross bridges between the neurofilaments, is antigenically different from the form in the cell bodies and(More)