Michael B. Widmer

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BACKGROUND Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) is a proinflammatory cytokine involved in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis, and antagonism of TNF may reduce the activity of the disease. This study evaluated the safety and efficacy of a novel TNF antagonist - a recombinant fusion protein that consists of the soluble TNF receptor (p75) linked to the Fc portion(More)
In a previous study, we found that total body irradiation (TBI) was essential to induce acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) after allogeneic H-2-incompatible splenocyte (SP) transplantation in SCID mice. SCID mice (H-2d) conditioned with cyclophosphamide and transplanted intravenously (IV) with 5 x 10(7) C57BL/6 (H-2b) SP developed chronic GVHD within 3(More)
Two forms (monomeric or dimeric) of the extracellular, ligand-binding portion of the human p80 cell-surface receptor for TNF were used to antagonize TNF activity in vitro and in vivo. The dimeric sTNFR:Fc molecule was a more potent inhibitor of TNF than the monomeric sTNFR (50 to 1000x), as assessed in vitro by inhibition of TNF binding or bioactivity and(More)
Interleukin-1 alpha and -1 beta (IL-1 alpha and IL-1 beta) are cytokines that participate in the regulation of immune responses, inflammatory reactions, and hematopoiesis. A direct expression strategy was used to clone the receptor for IL-1 from mouse T cells. The product of the cloned complementary DNA binds both IL-1 alpha and IL-1 beta in a manner(More)
The internalization and intracellular transport of IL-1 and its receptor were examined in the murine T cell line EL-4. For 4 h after internalization intracellular 125I-IL-1 alpha remains bound to its receptor without degradation. Electron microscope autoradiography demonstrates that internalized IL-1 accumulates in purified nuclei. The IL-1 extracted from(More)
Tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) has been reported to induce apoptosis in a variety of malignant cell lines, but it shows little or no toxicity in most normal cells. We examined the response of three human colon tumors to TRAIL alone and in combination with chemotherapy, using SCID mice engrafted with intact patient surgical(More)
IL-4, a pleiotropic cytokine produced by T lymphocytes, plays an important role in immune responsiveness by regulating proliferation and differentiation of a variety of lymphoid and myeloid cells via binding to high affinity receptors. In this report we describe the isolation and functional expression of a human IL-4-R cDNA. When transfected into COS-7(More)
The ability of Steel factor (SLF) to stimulate the growth of immature thymocytes alone and in combination with IL-7 was assessed. In suspension cultures of CD4-/CD8- thymocytes, SLF itself did not induce significant proliferation, but in combination with IL-7, it induced a greater response than did IL-7 alone. In fetal thymus lobe submersion cultures, SLF(More)
A clonal approach was used to investigate the cellular basis of a T cell response to single minor histocompatibility antigens (miHA). This analysis was performed by functional and immunogenetic characterization of a large number of clones derived from short-term mixed leukocyte culture (MLC) populations generated against the miHA, H-1.3. Forty-nine clones(More)
A recombinant human TNF receptor Fc fusion protein (rhuTNFR:Fc) was assessed for antiarthritic activity using murine type II collagen-induced arthritis in mice. DBA/1 mice were immunized with bovine type II collagen and treated with rhuTNFR:Fc either from day 21 to day 28 (preventative protocol), or after disease onset for fourteen days (therapeutic(More)