Michael B. Strader

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Mass spectrometry-based identification of the components of multiprotein complexes often involves solution-phase proteolytic digestion of the complex. The affinity purification of individual protein complexes often yields nanogram to low-microgram amounts of protein, which poses several challenges for enzymatic digestion and protein identification. We(More)
Database search identification algorithms, such as Sequest and Mascot, constitute powerful enablers for proteomic tandem mass spectrometry. We introduce DBDigger, an algorithm that reorganizes the database identification process to remove a problematic bottleneck. Typically such algorithms determine which candidate sequences can be compared to each(More)
We present a comprehensive mass spectrometric approach that integrates intact protein molecular mass measurement ("top-down") and proteolytic fragment identification ("bottom-up") to characterize the 70S ribosome from Rhodopseudomonas palustris. Forty-two intact protein identifications were obtained by the top-down approach and 53 out of the 54 orthologs to(More)
Here, we examine tRNA-aminoacyl synthetase (ARS) localization in protein synthesis. Proteomics reveals that ten of the twenty cytosolic ARSs associate with ribosomes in sucrose gradients: phenylalanyl-RS (FRS), and the 9 ARSs that form the multi-ARS complex (MSC). Using the ribopuromycylation method (RPM) for localizing intracellular translation, we show(More)
Standard biochemical techniques that are used for protein enrichments, such as affinity isolation and density gradient centrifugation, frequently yield high-nanogram to low-microgram quantities at a significant expenditure of resources and time. The characterization of selected protein enrichments by the "shotgun" mass spectrometry approach is often(More)
Rhodopseudomonas palustris is a purple nonsulfur anoxygenic phototrophic bacterium that is ubiquitous in soil and water. R. palustris is metabolically versatile with respect to energy generation and carbon and nitrogen metabolism. We have characterized and compared the baseline proteome of a R. palustris wild-type strain grown under six metabolic(More)
β-methylthiolation is a novel post-translational modification mapping to a universally conserved Asp 88 of the bacterial ribosomal protein S12. This S12 specific modification has been identified on orthologs from multiple bacterial species. The origin and functional significance was investigated with both a proteomic strategy to identify candidate S12(More)
R67 dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) provides resistance to the antibacterial drug trimethoprim. This R-plasmid-encoded enzyme does not share any homology with chromosomal DHFR. A recent crystal structure of active, homotetrameric R67 DHFR (Narayana, N., Matthews, D. A., Howell, E. E., and Xuong, N.-H. (1995) Nat. Struct. Biol. 2, 1018-1025) indicates that a(More)
R67 dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) is a novel protein that possesses 222 symmetry. A single active site pore traverses the length of the homotetramer. Although the 222 symmetry implies that four symmetry-related binding sites should exist for each substrate as well as each cofactor, isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC) studies indicate only two molecules(More)
R67 dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) shares no sequence or structural homology with chromosomal DHFRs. This enzyme arose recently in response to the clinical use of the antibacterial drug trimethoprim. R67 DHFR is a homotetramer possessing a single active site pore. A high-resolution crystal structure shows the homotetramer possesses exact 222 symmetry(More)