Michael B. Seddon

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Base excision repair (BER) and nucleotide excision repair (NER) pathways repair damaged DNA, and polymorphisms in these genes might affect breast cancer susceptibility. We evaluated associations between seven single-nucleotide polymorphisms in four DNA repair genes (ERCC4 rs1799801, XPC rs2227998, rs2228001, rs2228000, OGG1 rs1052133 and XRCC1 rs25487 and(More)
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is associated with roughly 10% of gastric carcinomas worldwide (EBVaGC). Although previous investigations provide a strong link between EBV and gastric carcinomas, these studies were performed using selected EBV gene probes. Using a cohort of gastric carcinoma RNA-seq data sets from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), we performed a(More)
We evaluated the association between physical activity and breast cancer risk among 1,463 breast cancer cases and 4,862 controls in a multinational study. All subjects were asked how many times and for how long they exercised or engaged in strenuous physical labor per week. We used multivariate logistic regression to assess the association between physical(More)
Twenty cell lines from 17 individuals with malignant mesothelioma have been examined for p53 alterations by direct sequencing of genomic DNA, by evaluation of mRNA expression levels, and by immunocytochemical analysis of p53 protein expression in comparison with normal human pleural mesothelial cells. The results of this study show p53 abnormalities in cell(More)
To evaluate a rapid multiplexed assay to detect three common K-ras codon 12 mutations, primer pairs complementary to the wild-type and mutant loci were developed and tested with lung cancer cell lines with previously identified mutation status. The sensitivity of detection of mutations was determined to be at least 1% using spiked samples containing K-ras(More)
Overexpression of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-A as well as PDGF-B chain mRNA has previously been reported in human mesothelioma cell lines. In this report, it has been established that the A but not the B chain protein is expressed at detectable levels in cell lysates and conditioned medium from these cell lines. In order to investigate the effect(More)
Normal human bronchial epithelial (NHBE) cells respond to signals initiated by the binding of transforming growth factor-beta type 1 (TGF-beta 1) to its surface receptors by activating pathways that result in terminal squamous differentiation. By use of both normal and SV40 T-antigen-immortalized cells, it was found that treatment with TGF-beta 1(More)
A high frequency of K-ras mutations may indicate preneoplastic changes in the bronchial epithelium as a result of genotoxic injury. With the use of sensitive detection techniques, we report a higher prevalence of K-ras mutations in bronchoalveolar lavage than has been reported previously for lung cancer. A PCR/ligase chain reaction technique was used to(More)
PURPOSE There is accumulating evidence that oxidative stress is an important contributor to carcinogenesis. We hypothesized that genetic variation in genes involved in maintaining antioxidant/oxidant balance would be associated with overall oxidative stress. METHODS We examined associations between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in MnSOD, GSTP1,(More)
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