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Growth retardation resulting in short stature is a major concern for parents and due to its great variety of causes, a complex diagnostic challenge for clinicians. A major locus involved in linear growth has been implicated within the pseudoautosomal region (PAR1) of the human sex chromosomes. We have determined an interval of 170 kb of DNA within PAR1(More)
BACKGROUND Some studies have suggested that treatment with recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) increases left-ventricular mass and improves haemodynamic and functional status in patients with heart failure due to dilated cardiomyopathy. We did a double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled study of rhGH in patients with chronic heart failure due to(More)
Breast-fed preterm infants often show a better outcome, partly ascribed to the benefit of insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) and their binding proteins (IGFBP). We compared IGF-I, IGF-II, IGFBP-2 and IGFBP-3 levels, measured by radioimmunoassays in milk samples from 30 mothers of preterm (<31 weeks) and from 19 mothers of term (>37 weeks) infants at days 7(More)
Disorders in thyroid function can impair normal development in children. Therefore it was our aim to establish reference intervals for serum triiodothyronine (T3), free T3 (fT3), thyroxine (T4), free T4 (fT4), thyroxine binding globulin (TBG) and thyrotropin (TSH) which are applicable from birth to adulthood by using the non-isotopic automated(More)
Turner's syndrome patients with Y mosaicism face a high risk of developing gonadoblastoma. Cytogenetic analysis can fail to detect rare cells bearing a normal or structurally abnormal Y chromosome (low level Y mosaicism). We screened 53 individuals with Turner's syndrome for presence of sex-determining region Y (SRY), the testis-specific protein, Y encoded,(More)
In 1963, Prader, Tanner, and von Harnack published a landmark article describing catch-up growth in children after illness or starvation. That same year, Tanner proposed a theory about catch-up growth based on a central regulatory principle that is 'informed' about an organism's height by means of a humoral factor. This led to the assumption that, when(More)
The relationship between 24-h GH secretion, insulin-like growth factor (IGF) I serum levels, IGF-binding protein 3 (IGFBP-3) levels and height was studied in 114 healthy children and adolescents (147 tests). A significant correlation was found between the spontaneous GH secretion expressed as the area under the curve above baseline (AUCb) or the calculated(More)
BACKGROUND Growth hormone (GH) contributes to insulin resistance, but whether children treated with GH are at increased risk of diabetes has not been established. We undertook a retrospective analysis of data from an international pharmacoepidemiological survey of children treated with GH to find out the incidence of impaired glucose tolerance and types 1(More)
The acid-stable subunit of the GH-dependent large mol wt somatomedin-binding protein (SmBP) was isolated from human plasma Cohn fraction IV by a three-step procedure, and a specific RIA was developed which allowed measurement in unextracted serum. Although in normal human serum most of immunoreactive material was present as the large mol wt complex (150K),(More)