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BACKGROUND Some studies have suggested that treatment with recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) increases left-ventricular mass and improves haemodynamic and functional status in patients with heart failure due to dilated cardiomyopathy. We did a double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled study of rhGH in patients with chronic heart failure due to(More)
Insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) has many potential therapeutic uses because of its varied effects--growth promotion, insulin-like influence on glucose metabolism, and neuroprotection resulting from cell-proliferative and antiapoptotic properties--but they have not been investigated systematically in clinical situations. The growth-promoting effect of(More)
Comprehensive recommendations on the diagnosis of Turner syndrome (TS) and the care of affected individuals were published in 1994. In the light of recent advances in diagnosis and treatment of TS, an international multidisciplinary workshop was convened in March 2000, in Naples, Italy, in conjunction with the Fifth International Symposium on Turner(More)
BACKGROUND Growth hormone (GH) contributes to insulin resistance, but whether children treated with GH are at increased risk of diabetes has not been established. We undertook a retrospective analysis of data from an international pharmacoepidemiological survey of children treated with GH to find out the incidence of impaired glucose tolerance and types 1(More)
This study used the methods of the Farnsworth-Munsell 100-hue test (FM-100), heterochromatic brightness matching (HBM) and wavelength discrimination to test the sensitivity and colour vision of 20 juvenile diabetics with no (16) or very mild (4) retinopathy. Their results were compared to an age-matched control group. The FM-100 results showed a significant(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS A more advanced bone age (BA) has been reported for the left hand relative to the right hand, while another study has found no such effect. The aim was to study the average difference of automated BoneXpert BA determination (left- vs. right-hand) for normal children, examine the precision of automatic BA and provide a BA reference for normal(More)
Cytochrome P450 17alpha-hydroxylase (CYP17) is a single gene-encoded protein with two activities: 17alpha-hydroxylase and 17,20-lyase. The two catalytic activities are differentially regulated in health and disease. We took advantage of naturally occurring human mutations to understand the molecular bases of this differential regulation. We identified eight(More)
To our knowledge, this is the first report of hypogonadotropic hypogonadism, or growth hormone deficiency, in a patient without non-Pallister-Hall syndrome who had hypothalamic hamartoma diagnosed on the basis of MR imaging and MR spectroscopy findings. On short-TE proton MR spectra, the N-acetylaspartate concentration in the hamartoma was lower than that(More)
BACKGROUND Mathematical models can be developed to predict growth in short children treated with growth hormone (GH). These models can serve to optimize and individualize treatment in terms of height outcomes and costs. The aims of this study were to compile existing prediction models for short children born SGA (SGA), to develop new models and to validate(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Studies on the association between head circumference (HC) and height or weight have shown variable results. METHODS Using data from the Dutch nationwide survey performed in 1997 (n = 14,500), we calculated correlations for different ages, and fitted a regression model for the estimation of HC. HC versus height charts were created for(More)