Learn More
As a promising biomaterial with numerous potential applications, various types of synthetic spider silk fibers have been produced and studied in an effort to produce man-made fibers with mechanical and physical properties comparable to those of native spider silk. In this study, two recombinant proteins based on Nephila clavipes Major ampullate Spidroin 1(More)
Spider dragline silk is a unique protein fiber possessing both high tensile strength and high elasticity. A partial cDNA clone for one dragline silk protein (Spidroin 1) was previously isolated. However, the predicted amino acid sequence could not account for the amino acid composition of dragline silk. We have isolated a partial cDNA clone for another(More)
Spiders make their webs and perform a wide range of tasks with up to seven different types of silk fiber. These different fibers allow a comparison of structure with function, because each silk has distinct mechanical properties and is composed of peptide modules that confer those properties. By using genetic engineering to mix the modules in specific(More)
Hypothalamic extract stimulates the release of corticotropin (ACTH) and endorphins 2.5- to 30-fold in mouse pituitary tumor cell cultures (AtT-20/D(16v) line) and primary cell cultures from mouse anterior pituitary. ACTH and endorphin activities were measured by radioimmunoassay and immunoprecipitation. Pretreatment of tumor cell cultures with 1 muM(More)
Synthetic genes were constructed based on the known sequence of the spider dragline silk protein MaSp 2. The genes had 8, 16, or 32 contiguous units of the consensus repeat sequence of the protein. These artificial genes were constructed using a strategy involving compatible but nonregenerable restriction sites, which allowed construction of very large(More)
The results of molecular weight studies, structural analysis of the [(14)C]polysaccharides, and enzymic properties indicate that the Pisum sativum guanosine diphosphosphate glucose: glucosyltransferase is an enzymic component involved in the biosynthesis of glucomannan chains. The properties of the Pisum sativum particulate enzyme are essentially identical(More)
Flagelliform spider silk is the most extensible silk fiber produced by orb weaver spiders, though not as strong as the dragline silk of the spider. The motifs found in the core of the Nephila clavipes flagelliform Flag protein are GGX, spacer, and GPGGX. Flag does not contain the polyalanine motif known to provide the strength of dragline silk. To(More)
Extracts of mouse anterior pituitary cells in monolayer culture were subjected to sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis to separate the molecular weight forms of ACTH. The gels were sliced and each segment was eluted. The eluates were assayed for ACTH immunoactivity. Approximately 10% of the immunoactivity in the extracts was found to be(More)