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Mice genetically deficient in the chemokine receptor CXCR4 or its ligand stromal cell-derived factor (SDF)-1/CXCL12 die perinatally with marked defects in vascularization of the gastrointestinal tract. The aim of this study was to define the expression and angiogenic functions of microvascular CXCR4 and SDF-1/CXCL12 in the human intestinal tract. Studies of(More)
Recent research has revealed that targeting mitochondrial bioenergetic metabolism is a promising chemotherapeutic strategy. Key to successful implementation of this chemotherapeutic strategy is the use of new and improved mitochondria-targeted cationic agents that selectively inhibit energy metabolism in breast cancer cells, while exerting little or no(More)
Barrier defects and/or alterations in the ability of the gut epithelium to repair itself are critical etiologic mechanisms of gastrointestinal disease. Our ongoing studies indicate that the chemokine receptor CXCR4 and its cognate ligand CXCL12 regulate intestinal epithelial barrier maturation and restitution in cell culture models. Gene deficient mice(More)
Human colonic epithelial cells express CXCR4, the sole cognate receptor for the chemokine stromal cell-derived factor (SDF)-1/CXC chemokine ligand (CXCL) 12. The aim of this study was to define the mechanism and functional consequences of signaling intestinal epithelial cells through the CXCR4 chemokine receptor. CXCR4, but not SDF-1/CXCL12, was(More)
Intestinal epithelial cell migration plays a key role in gastrointestinal mucosal barrier formation, enterocyte development, differentiation, turnover, wound healing, and adenocarcinoma metastasis. Chemokines, through engagement of their corresponding receptors, are potent mediators of directed cell migration and are critical in the establishment and(More)
BACKGROUND Resistance to anoikis, apoptosis triggered by a loss of cellular adhesion to the underlying extracellular matrix, is a hallmark of metastatic cancer. Previously we have shown re-establishment of CXCL12 expression in colorectal carcinoma cells inhibits metastasis by enhancing anoikis sensitivity. The objective of these studies was to define the(More)
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma is an unsolved health problem with nearly 75% of patients diagnosed with advanced disease and an overall 5-year survival rate near 5%. Despite the strong link between mortality and malignancy, the mechanisms behind pancreatic cancer dissemination and metastasis are poorly understood. Correlative pathological and cell culture(More)
This study determined that intestinal myoelectric activity was profoundly altered during a strictly luminal, chronic, tapeworm infection. Chronically implanted bipolar electrodes were attached to five sites on the serosal surface of the rat small intestine. One was placed on the duodenum, three on the jejunum, and the fifth on the ileum. Electromyographic(More)
Brain metastasis is a defining component of tumor pathophysiology, and the underlying mechanisms responsible for this phenomenon are not well understood. Current dogma is that tumor cells stimulate and activate astrocytes, and this mutual relationship is critical for tumor cell sustenance in the brain. Here, we provide evidence that primary rat neonatal and(More)
BACKGROUND Targeting both mitochondrial bioenergetics and glycolysis pathway is an effective way to inhibit proliferation of tumour cells, including those that are resistant to conventional chemotherapeutics. METHODS In this study, using the Seahorse 96-well Extracellular Flux Analyzer, we mapped the two intrinsic cellular bioenergetic parameters, oxygen(More)