Michael B. Dilling

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The relationship between G(1) checkpoint function and rapamycininduced apoptosis was examined using two human rhabdomyosarcoma cell lines, Rh1 and Rh30, that express mutated p53 alleles. Serum-starved tumor cells became apoptotic when exposed to rapamycin, but were completely protected by expression of a rapamycin-resistant mutant mTOR. Exposure to(More)
The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) has been shown to link growth factor signaling and posttranscriptional control of translation of proteins that are frequently involved in cell cycle progression. However, the role of this pathway in cell survival has not been demonstrated. Here, we report that rapamycin, a specific inhibitor of mTOR kinase, induces(More)
The rapamycin ester, CCI-779, potently inhibits cell growth in vitro, inhibits tumor growth in vivo, and is currently in Phase I clinical trials. To further understand the relationship between plasma systemic exposure and inhibition of the target Ser/Thr kinase, mTOR/FRAP, two assays have been developed. The first assay involves determination of the 4E(More)
Rapamycin is a potent cytostatic agent that arrests cells in the G1 phase of the cell cycle. The relationships between cellular sensitivity to rapamycin, drug accumulation, expression of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), and inhibition of growth factor activation of ribosomal p70S6 kinase (p70(S6k)) and dephosphorylation of pH acid stable protein I(More)
Under serum-free conditions, rapamycin, an inhibitor of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), induces apoptosis of cells lacking functional p53. Cells expressing wild-type p53 or p21(Cip1)arrest in G1 and remain viable. In cells lacking functional p53, rapamycin or amino acid deprivation induces rapid and sustained activation of apoptosis signal-regulating(More)
In recent years, significant advances have been made in understanding the molecular mechanisms involved in the regulation of skeletal-muscle differentiation. This review focuses on the role of the MyoD family of myogenic transcription factors that includes MyoD, myf-5, myogenin, and MRF4 (herculin or myf-6) in myogenesis. Members of this family share(More)
We show that cell lines derived from childhood alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) are very sensitive to the growth-inhibitory effects of the immunosuppressive agent rapamycin (RAP), compared to other human cell lines (50% inhibitory concentration range of 0.1-8 ng/mi, compared to 1280 to >10,000 ng/ml). Our data suggest that the sensitivity of RMS lines is due(More)
We show that cell lines derived from childhood alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) are very sensitive to the growth-inhibitory effects of the immunosuppressive agent rapamycin (RAP), compared to other human cell lines (50% inhibitory concentration range of 0.1-8 ng/ml, compared to 1280 to > 10,000 ng/ml). Our data suggest that the sensitivity of RMS lines is(More)
Purpose: Recombinant human insulin-like growth factor I (rhIGF-I) has been reported to ameliorate vincristine-induced neuropathy, the dose-limiting side effect of this antimitotic anticancer drug. However, rhIGF-I also might have adverse effects, as has been shown in vitro, where it stimulates growth of cancer cells and protects them from cytotoxicity of(More)
The mitogenic substance P receptor (NK-1 subtype) is expressed in many primary human tumors with the highest frequency of expression appearing in astrocytomas and glioblastomas (75% and 100%, respectively). Recently, we showed that substance P neuropeptide induces DNA synthesis in the human astrocytoma U-373MG cells by activating the mitogen-activated(More)