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Cycles of protein phosphorylation are fundamental in regulating the progression of the eukaryotic cell through its division cycle. Here we test the complement of Drosophila protein kinases (kinome) for cell cycle functions after gene silencing by RNA-mediated interference. We observed cell cycle dysfunction upon downregulation of 80 out of 228 protein(More)
HIV-associated neurocognitive disorder (HAND), characterized by a wide spectrum of behavioral, cognitive, and motor dysfunctions, continues to affect approximately 50 % of HIV(+) patients despite the success of combination antiretroviral drug therapy (cART) in the periphery. Of note, potential toxicity of antiretroviral drugs in the central nervous system(More)
BACKGROUND Leafcutter ants depend on the cultivation of symbiotic Attamyces fungi for food, which are thought to be grown by the ants in single-strain, clonal monoculture throughout the hundreds to thousands of gardens within a leafcutter nest. Monoculture eliminates cultivar-cultivar competition that would select for competitive fungal traits that are(More)
The activity of some enzymes associated with peroxide metabolism and cytochrome oxidase activity was measured in cortex, striatum, hypothalamus, and hippocampus from brains of rats aged either 4, 15, or 27 months. Cytochrome oxidase activity was greatest in the cortex, but no significant age-related changes in the activity of cytochrome oxidase, superoxide(More)
We developed 23 polymorphic microsatellite markers for the symbiotic fungi cultivated by leaf cutter ants, then assessed allelic variation in North American leafcutter-fungus populations (Mexico, Cuba, USA). Polyploidy was indicated by 21 of the 23 loci, consistent with the multinucleate nature of leafcutter fungi. Microsatellite fingerprinting can now(More)
When heart or liver mitochondria are exposed to superoxide radicals generated from xanthine + xanthine oxidase their ability to take up and to retain Ca2+ is impaired. The rate of oxidation of pyruvate + malate as substrates is diminished and the appearance of thiol groups when the mitochondria are supplied with these substrates is abolished. These(More)
Postprandial lipid profiles and release of insulin (INS), intact proinsulin (PI), and 32-33 split proinsulin (SPI) in response to a mixed meal with a high fat content were determined over a 12 h period in non-obese control subjects (n = 10) and non-insulin-dependent (Type 2) diabetic (NIDDM) patients with normotriglyceridaemia (NTG; n = 11) and(More)
The long-chain fatty acid composition of cholesterol esters, phosphatidylcholine (PC), phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), phosphatidylserine (PS) and phosphatidylinositol (PI) from parahippocampal cortex of Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients and control subjects was examined. In general the PC fraction contained less polyunsaturated long-chain fatty acids than(More)
The activity of antioxidant enzymes was measured in cardiac and skeletal muscle in rats aged either 4, 15, or 27 months. Generally, regardless of age, heart contains a greater content of these enzymes than skeletal muscle. Whereas skeletal muscle showed age-dependent increases in glutathione peroxidase, glutathione reductase, and catalase activities, heart(More)
We have studied low density lipoprotein (LDL) subclass distribution in a group of male patients with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) and investigated its relationships to fasting and postprandial triglyceride (TG)-rich lipoproteins, insulin resistance, lipoprotein lipase (EC; LPL), hepatic lipase (EC; HL),(More)