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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE MRI is more sensitive than CT for detection of age-related white matter changes (ARWMC). Most rating scales estimate the degree and distribution of ARWMC either on CT or on MRI, and they differ in many aspects. This makes it difficult to compare CT and MRI studies. To be able to study the evolution and possible effect of drug(More)
High-resolution diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) was performed in 14 patients with clinically definite multiple sclerosis (MS) and the trace of the diffusion tensor (<D>) and the fractional anisotropy (FA) were determined in normal appearing white matter (NAWM) and in different types of focal MS lesions. A small but significant increase of the <D> in NAWM(More)
PURPOSE To demonstrate the technical feasibility and precision of a navigated diffusion-weighted (DW) MR imaging method with interleaved echo-planar imaging and test its diagnostic sensitivity for detection of ischemic stroke. MATERIALS AND METHODS Apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) measurements were performed in phantoms, and six healthy adult(More)
SENSitivity Encoding (SENSE) greatly enhances the quality of diffusion-weighted echo-planar imaging (EPI) by reducing blurring and off-resonance artifacts. Such improvement would also be desirable for diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), but measures derived from the diffusion tensor can be extremely sensitive to any kind of image distortion. Whether DTI is(More)
Diffusion-weighted single-shot EPI (sshEPI) is one of the most important tools for the diagnostic assessment of stroke patients, but it suffers from well known artifacts. Therefore, sshEPI was combined with SENSitivity Encoding (SENSE) to further increase EPI's potential for stroke imaging. Eight healthy volunteers and a consecutive series of patients (N =(More)
Diffusion-weighted MR imaging may increase the sensitivity and specificity of MR imaging for certain pathologic conditions of the spinal cord but is rarely performed because of several technical issues. We therefore tested a novel phase-navigated spin-echo diffusion-weighted interleaved echo-planar imaging sequence in seven healthy volunteers and six(More)
Damage to the spinal cord may be caused by a wide range of pathologies and generally results in profound functional disability. A reliable diagnostic workup of the spine is very important because even relatively small lesions in this part of the central nervous system can have a profound clinical impact. MR imaging has become the method of choice for the(More)
PURPOSE To compare and evaluate two novel diffusion-weighted sequences, based either on fast spin-echo (FSE) or interleaved echo-planar imaging (EPI) methods, as potential tools for investing spinal cord abnormalities. MATERIALS AND METHODS Following recent improvements, both interleaved EPI (IEPI) and FSE techniques could be alternative approaches for(More)