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CIFOR Occasional Paper publishes the results of research that is particularly significant to tropical forestry. The content of each paper is peer reviewed internally and externally, and published simultaneously on the web in downloadable format (www.cifor.cgiar.org/publications/papers). Contact publications at cifor@cgiar.org to request a copy. in response(More)
This paper considers desired properties and possible applications of audio watermarking algorithms. Special attention is given to statistical methods working in the fourier domain. It will present a solution of robust watermarking of audio data and reflect the security properties of the technique. Experimental results show good robustness of the approach(More)
in response to global concerns about the social, environmental and economic consequences of forest loss and degradation. CIFOR research produces knowledge and methods needed to improve the well-being of forest-dependent people and to help tropical countries manage their forests wisely for sustained benefits. This research is done in more than two dozen(More)
Skeletal muscle is composed of heterogeneous myofibers with distinctive rates of contraction, metabolic properties, and susceptibility to fatigue. We show that class II histone deacetylase (HDAC) proteins, which function as transcriptional repressors of the myocyte enhancer factor 2 (MEF2) transcription factor, fail to accumulate in the soleus, a slow(More)
The importance of forest products to the households who live in or close to the forests has been increasingly recognised over the past ten years. The numbers of people who in some way rely on the forest for survival or livelihood inputs is difficult to assess, and estimates vary widely. The authors of this paper argue that these are not the most appropriate(More)
The primary goal for evaluation techniques is to conduct valid and reliable tests which provide data for research, development, and quality control during deployment of the developed algorithms. Quality assessment of watermarked audio tracks is a significant challenge. No single objective metric to quantify the quality of an audio track AbstRAct Methods for(More)
Today, comparing audio watermarking systems remain a challenge due to the lack of publicly-available reference algorithms. In addition, robustness against acoustic path transmission is only occasionally evaluated. This jeopardizes the chances of digital watermarking to be adopted in the context of applications where such a feature is vital, e.g., second(More)
Using a chronically implanted telemetric pressure sensor, we have determined the quantitative relationship between changes in body position and ventricular fluid pressure in normal subjects and subjects with shunts. The method allows accurate, reliable measurement of negative as well as positive pressures. We describe the derangement of postural(More)