Michael Armin Borowitzka

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The aquaculture of macroand micro-algae is a valuable global industry. Macroalgae are farmed for their hydrocolloids as well as for food (Abbott, 1996; Bixler, 1996), and microalgae are cultured commercially for use as health food and as a source of valuable chemicals such as betacarotene (Belay et al., 1994; Borowitzka, 1994). Microalgae are also an(More)
The taxonomy of the green algal genus Dunaliella is often seen as confusing and the names associated with species in culture collections are sometimes suspect. This paper evaluates and reviews the current taxonomy based on morphological and biochemical characters of this genus. The life history of Dunaliella is also presented. The variability, stability and(More)
Microalgae (including the cyanobacteria) are established commercial sources of high-value chemicals such as β-carotene, astaxanthin, docosahexaenoic acid, eicosahexaenoic acid, phycobilin pigments and algal extracts for use in cosmetics. Microalgae are also increasingly playing a role in cosmaceuticals, nutraceuticals and functional foods. In the last few(More)
In the last decade the screening of microalgae, especially the cyanobacteria (blue-green algae), for antibiotics and pharmacologically active compounds has received ever increasing interest. A large number of antibiotic compounds, many with novel structures, have been isolated and characterised. Similarly many cyanobacteria have been shown to produce(More)
Several microalgae, such as species ofChlorella, Spirulina andDunaliella, are grown commercially and algal products such as β-carotene and phycocyanin are available. The main focus of algal biotechnology continues to be on high value fine chemicals and on algae for use as aquaculture feeds. This paper provides the outline for a rational approach in(More)
The calcareous marine haptophyte algae, the coccolithophorids, are of global environmental significance because of the impact of their blooms on the carbon cycle. The coccolithophorid, Pleurochrysis carterae was grown semi-continuously in paddlewheel-driven outdoor raceway ponds over a period of 13 months in Perth, Western Australia. The mean total dry(More)
The freshwater green algaHaematococcus pluvialis (Strain Vischer 1923/2) grows best at high nitrate concentrations (about 0.5 to 1.0 g 1−1 KNO3), intermediate phosphate concentration (about 0.1 g 1−1 K2HPO4) and over a wide range of Fe concentrations. Low nitrate or high phosphate induce the formation of reddish palmella cells and aplanospores. Mixotrophic(More)
Climate change mitigation, economic growth and stability, and the ongoing depletion of oil reserves are all major drivers for the development of economically rational, renewable energy technology platforms. Microalgae have re-emerged as a popular feedstock for the production of biofuels and other more valuable products. Even though integrated microalgal(More)
Growth and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) productivity of the diatomPhaeodactylum tricornutum grown semicontinuously in a helical tubular photobioreactor were examined under a range of irradiances (approximately 56 to 1712 µmol photons m-2 s-1) and cell densities (≈3 × 106 to 18 × 106 cells mL-1). Self shading sets the upper limit of operational maximum cell(More)
The effects of changes in CO2 and pH on biomass productivity and carbon uptake of Pleurochrysis carterae and Emiliania huxleyi in open raceway ponds and a plate photobioreactor were studied. The pH of P. carterae cultures increased during day and decreased at night, whereas the pH of E. huxleyi cultures showed no significant diurnal changes. P. carterae(More)