Michael Allen McAlexander

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Transient receptor potential (TRP) cation channels have been among the most aggressively pursued drug targets over the past few years. Although the initial focus of research was on TRP channels that are expressed by nociceptors, there has been an upsurge in the amount of research that implicates TRP channels in other areas of physiology and pathophysiology,(More)
Inflammation contributes to pain hypersensitivity through multiple mechanisms. Among the most well characterized of these is the sensitization of primary nociceptive neurons by arachidonic acid metabolites such as prostaglandins through G protein-coupled receptors. However, in light of the recent discovery that the nociceptor-specific ion channel transient(More)
Transient receptor potential (TRP) A1 channels are cation channels found preferentially on nociceptive sensory neurones, including capsaicin-sensitive TRPV1-expressing vagal bronchopulmonary C-fibres, and are activated by electrophilic compounds such as mustard oil and cinnamaldehyde. Oxidative stress, a pathological feature of many respiratory diseases,(More)
Allergic contact dermatitis is a common skin disease associated with inflammation and persistent pruritus. Transient receptor potential (TRP) ion channels in skin-innervating sensory neurons mediate acute inflammatory and pruritic responses following exogenous stimulation and may contribute to allergic responses. Genetic ablation or pharmacological(More)
Preclinical drug development studies currently rely on costly and time-consuming animal testing because existing cell culture models fail to recapitulate complex, organ-level disease processes in humans. We provide the proof of principle for using a biomimetic microdevice that reconstitutes organ-level lung functions to create a human disease(More)
Electrophysiological studies of vagal sensory nerves with cell bodies in the nodose ganglion and mechanically sensitive receptive fields in the guinea-pig trachea/bronchus, were performed. Exposure of the mechanically sensitive receptive fields to 4-aminopyridine (100 microM-1 mM) caused pronounced action potential discharge in all fibres studied. Action(More)
1. Intracellular and extracellular electrophysiological recording techniques were employed to examine the mechanisms involved in adaptation of guinea-pig airway sensory neurones to suprathreshold mechanical stimulation in vitro. Extracellular recordings performed using an in vitro airway preparation revealed two unambiguously distinct subsets of(More)
Toluene diisocyanate (TDI), a reactive, hazardous irritant, causes respiratory symptoms such as cough, rhinitis, dyspnea, and chest tightness in exposed workers. Although previous animal studies have shown that TDI causes respiratory reflexes that are abolished by desensitization of capsaicin-sensitive sensory nerves, the specific molecular identity of the(More)
Cough occurs as a result of the activation of specific airway sensory nerves. The mechanisms by which tussive stimuli activate these sensory nerves are starting to be understood and suggest that TRPA1 channels are heavily involved. TRPA1 channels are nociceptor-specific ion channels that are gated by a wide range of exogenous irritants and(More)