Michael Adler

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BACKGROUND Patients with chronic infection with hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 1 often need 48 weeks of peginterferon-ribavirin treatment for a sustained virologic response. We designed a noninferiority trial (noninferiority margin, -10.5%) to compare rates of sustained virologic response among patients receiving two treatment durations. METHODS We(More)
Physical dependence is a widely known consequence of morphine intake. Although commonly associated with prolonged or repeated morphine administration, withdrawal symptoms can be elicited even after a single prior morphine exposure. What remains contentious is the extent to which physical dependence following acute and chronic morphine treatment is mediated(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Lipiodol chemoembolization is a widely used method of treatment in patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma, but its efficacy is still debated. The aim of our study was to assess the efficacy of lipiodol chemoembolization in patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma. METHODS Seventy-three patients with unresectable(More)
The present study assessed the analgesic potency of morphine in 11 inbred mouse strains before and after chronic morphine treatment. Using the 49 degrees C tail-withdrawal test, significant strain differences in morphine AD(50) estimates derived from cumulative dose-response curves were noted prior to tolerance induction on Day 1. AD(50) estimates were(More)
BACKGROUND Hepatorenal syndrome (HRS) is a severe complication of liver cirrhosis. Recently, ornipressin, a potent splanchnic vasoconstrictor, was reported to improve renal function in patients with HRS. However, this treatment is associated with a high incidence of vascular complications. Terlipressin is thought to be as effective as ornipressin with less(More)
HCV core antigen (Ag) and HCV RNA levels were evaluated in matched liver biopsy samples and sera from 22 patients with hepatitis C infection by using the quantitative Architect HCV Ag immunoassay and a real-time RT-qPCR assay, respectively. The data showed a strong correlation between liver and serum compartments of HCV Ag levels (r = 0.80) and HCV RNA(More)
Purpose. To characterize via electron spectroscopy for chemical analysis(ESCA) the surface of spray-dried particles of trehalose plus aprotein (bovine serum albumin). Additionally, to show how and whythe addition of a surfactant reduces protein adsorption, and by thismechanism could reduce protein instability during spray-drying. Methods. Aqueous solutions(More)
Noninvasive indirect biochemical markers of liver fibrosis have gained popularity, but hepatologists are now facing the difficult dilemma of choosing among the 20 fibrosis markers that are now available.1 Stanislas Pol’s group2 claim that FIB-4, initially developed in a human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-hepatitis C virus (HCV) coinfected population, is a(More)
The characteristics and response rate to pegylated interferon and ribavirin (PEG-INF + RBV) of patients with chronic hepatitis C infected with genotype 5 are poorly documented. A meta-analysis of two large phase III/IV prospective randomized clinical trials conducted in Belgium in patients with chronic hepatitis C (n = 1,073 patients) was performed in order(More)