Michael A Wallace

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The activation of phospholipase C (PLC) was examined in membranes of rat cerebral cortex simultaneously exposed to monoaminergic receptor and muscarinic receptor agonists after the treatment of membranes with two alkylating agents, N-ethoxycarbonyl-2-ethoxy-1,2-dihydroquinoline (100 microM EEDQ) and propylbenzilylcholine (10 nM PrBCM). Treatment of(More)
35S-labeled derivatives of the insecticides nodulisporic acid and ivermectin were synthesized and demonstrated to bind with high affinity to a population of receptors in Drosophila head membranes that were previously shown to be associated with a glutamate-gated chloride channel. Nodulisporic acid binding was modeled as binding to a single population of(More)
Dopamine inhibited phosphoinositide breakdown as stimulated by carbachol in rat brain cortical membranes. The IC50 value was 14 +/- 2 microM for dopamine's inhibition of phosphatidylinositol hydrolysis as stimulated by 1 mM carbachol. The inhibition was found at low (0.1 microM), but not high (greater than 0.3 microM), concentrations of the non-hydrolyzable(More)
Rabbit brain cortical membranes incubated with carbachol in the presence of GTP gamma S show a marked increase in the degradation of exogenous phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate. This activation of phospholipase C is dependent on the presence of deoxycholate and maximal at 0.8-1 mM deoxycholate. There is negligible activation by carbachol alone but in(More)
Muscarinic cholinergic receptor function in rat brain cortex was characterized by performing binding assays with [3H](-)quinuclidinyl benzilate ([3H]QNB) in parallel with assays of phospholipase C (PLC) activation by carbachol using membrane preparations and exogenous [3H]-phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate ([3H]PIP2). Competitive binding studies(More)
We have studied the effects of fluoride, guanosine 5'-[gamma-thio]triphosphate (GTP[S]) and carbachol on phospholipase C and polyphosphoinositide synthesis. The experimental system consisted of membranes from rat brain cortex, with exogenous [3H]phosphatidylinositol ([3H]PtdIns) as substrate. In such systems, we have not found evidence to support carbachol(More)
Stimulation of phosphoinositide-specific phospholipase C (PLC) by carbachol, dopamine and serotonin was measured by supplying exogenous [3H]phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate to membranes prepared from human cortex dissected and frozen at autopsy. Subjects with Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease or schizophrenia were compared to age-matched(More)
The technique of accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) was validated successfully and used to study the pharmacokinetics and disposition in dogs of a preclinical drug candidate (7-deaza-2'-C-methyl-adenosine; Compound A), after oral and intravenous administration. The primary objective of this study was to examine whether Compound A displayed linear kinetics(More)
INTRODUCTION In an effort to develop agents to test the NMDA hypofunction hypothesis of schizophrenia, benchmark compounds from a program to discover potent, selective, competitive glycine transporter 1 (GlyT1) inhibitors were radiolabeled in order to further study the detailed pharmacology of these inhibitors and the distribution of GlyT1 in brain. We here(More)
The rapid identification of yeast is essential for the optimization of antifungal therapy. The objective of our study was to evaluate two matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) platforms, the bioMérieux VITEK MS (IVD Knowledgebase v.2.0) and Bruker Biotyper (software version 3.1), for the rapid(More)