Michael A Terzidis

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5',8-Cyclo-2'-deoxyadenosine and 5',8-cyclo-2'-deoxyguanosine in their 5'R and 5'S diastereomeric forms are tandem-type lesions observed among the DNA modifications and identified in mammalian cellular DNA in vivo. These lesions result from the chemistry of the C5' radicals generated by the attack of HO˙ radicals to 2-deoxyribose units. Quantitative(More)
The hydroxyl radical is a powerful oxidant that generates DNA lesions including the stereoisomeric R and S 5',8-cyclo-2'-deoxyadenosine (cdA) and 5',8-cyclo-2'-deoxyguanosine (cdG) pairs that have been detected in cellular DNA. Unlike some other oxidatively generated DNA lesions, cdG and cdA are repaired by the human nucleotide excision repair (NER)(More)
5',8-cyclo-2'-deoxypurines (cdPus) are common forms of oxidized DNA lesions resulting from endogenous and environmental oxidative stress such as ionizing radiation. The lesions can only be repaired by nucleotide excision repair with a low efficiency. This results in their accumulation in the genome that leads to stalling of the replication DNA polymerases(More)
5',8-Cyclopurine-2'-deoxynucleosides including 5',8-cyclo-dA (cdA) and 5',8-cyclo-dG (cdG) are induced by hydroxyl radicals resulting from oxidative stress such as ionizing radiation. 5',8-cyclopurine-2'-deoxynucleoside lesions are repaired by nucleotide excision repair with low efficiency, thereby leading to their accumulation in the human genome and(More)
5',8-Cyclo-2'-deoxyadenosine (cdA) and 5',8-cyclo-2'-deoxyguanosine (cdG) are lesions resulting from hydroxyl radical (HO (·) ) attack on the 5'H of the nucleoside sugar moiety and exist in both 5'R and 5'S diastereomeric forms. Increased levels of cdA and cdG are linked to Nucleotide Excision Repair (NER) mechanism deficiency and mutagenesis. Discrepancies(More)
The association of 5',8-cyclo-2'-deoxyguanosine (cdG), a DNA tandem lesion, with its complementary base cytosine has been studied by voltammetry and NMR in chloroform, using properly silylated derivatives of the two nucleobases for increasing their solubilities. Both voltammetric data and NMR titrations indicated that the Watson-Crick complex of cytidine(More)
The formation of oxidative lesions arising from double stranded DNA damage is of major significance to chemical biology from the perspective of application to human health. The quantification of purine lesions arising from γ-radiation-induced hydroxyl radicals (HO(•)) has been the subject of numerous studies, with discrepancies on the measured(More)
Herein we report the quantification of purine lesions arising from gamma-radiation sourced hydroxyl radicals (HO•) on tertiary dsDNA helical forms of supercoiled (SC), open circular (OC), and linear (L) conformation, along with single-stranded folded and non-folded sequences of guanine-rich DNA in selected G-quadruplex structures. We identify that DNA(More)
The involvement of free radicals in life sciences has constantly increased with time and has been connected to several physiological and pathological processes. This subject embraces diverse scientific areas, spanning from physical, biological and bioorganic chemistry to biology and medicine, with applications to the amelioration of quality of life, health(More)
5',8-Cyclo-2'-deoxyadenosine (cdA) and 5',8-cyclo-2'-deoxyguanosine (cdG) in their two diastereomeric forms, 5'S and 5'R, are tandem lesions produced by the attack of hydroxyl radicals to the purine moieties of DNA. Their formation has been found to challenge the cells' repair machinery, initiating the nucleotide excision repair (NER) for restoring the(More)