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Endothelium-derived products have been implicated in the regulation of vascular wall structure through their effects on extracellular matrix metabolism. The purpose of this study was to further understand the paracrine mechanisms underlying endothelial cell regulation of extracellular matrix metabolism by testing the hypothesis that endothelium-derived(More)
Moderate alcohol consumption has been shown to reduce the risk of ischemic heart disease potentially through its effect on specific endothelial-derived compounds. We tested the hypothesis that ethanol increases the expression of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) and nitric oxide (NO) production in bovine aortic endothelial cells (BAEC). Primary(More)
OBJECTIVE Hypoxia significantly alters vascular tone in coronary resistance arterioles during prolonged ischemia, potentially through the modulation of endothelial cell metabolism as well as endothelial function. The objective of this study was to test the hypothesis that constitutive nitric oxide synthase (cNOS) is sensitive to oxygen tension and that(More)
Herbal medicines are increasingly being utilized to treat a wide variety of disease processes. Gypenosides are triterpenoid saponins contained in an extract from Gynostemma pentaphyllum and are reported to be effective in the treatment of cardiovascular diseases; however, the mechanism underlying the therapeutic effect is not known. We tested the hypothesis(More)
We examined whether nitric oxide (NO) inhibits prostanoid synthesis through actions on cyclooxygenase (COX) gene expression and activity. Bovine pulmonary artery endothelial cells were pretreated for 30 min with the NO donors 1 mM S-nitroso-N-acetylpenicillamine (SNAP), 0.5 mM sodium nitroprusside (SNP), or 0.2 microM spermine NONOate; controls included(More)
The present study examines the effect of lipopolysaccharides and proinflammatory cytokines on the expression of the second isoform of the angiotensin II receptor (AT(2)), which may have a role in lowering collagen deposition in cardiac tissue. Cardiac fibroblasts express high levels of both angiotensin II type 1 (AT(1)) and type 2 receptors. Incubation with(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) synthesized by endothelial cell nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) elicits vasodilation of resistance-sized coronary microvessels. Since coronary blood flow increases during hypoxia, we tested the hypotheses that: (1) hypoxia results in increased blood flow through increased NO production mediated by the upregulation of both eNOS mRNA and(More)
Vascular tone has been shown to be importantly influenced by flow-induced release of endothelium-derived vasodilators. The purpose of the present study was to test the hypothesis that in porcine coronary resistance-size arterioles, flow-induced vasodilation is sensitive to oxygen tension. Arterioles (55-150 mu m) were studied in vitro under conditions of(More)
Recent studies have yielded contradictory interpretations about the influence of gram-negative endotoxin on endothelium-derived relaxing factor (EDRF). We tested the hypothesis that Escherichia coli endotoxin exerts primary facilitatory or, alternatively, inhibitory actions on EDRF release and the synthesis of either nitric oxide or a nitroso compound in(More)
The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that endothelial cells from resistance arteries and epicardial conduit coronary arteries differ in their expression of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) and calcium metabolism, and that these differences contribute to the mechanism underlying disparate physiological vasodilator responses observed between the(More)