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Intrinsic membrane properties are important in the regulation of motoneuronal output during such behaviours as locomotion. A conductance through L-type calcium channels has been implicated as an essential component in the transduction of motoneuronal input to output during locomotion. Given the developmental changes in calcium currents occurring postnatally(More)
Dopamine is a catecholaminergic neuromodulatory transmitter that acts through five molecularly-distinct G protein-coupled receptor subtypes (D(1)-D(5)). In the mammalian spinal cord, dopaminergic axon collaterals arise predominantly from the A11 region of the dorsoposterior hypothalamus and project diffusely throughout the spinal neuraxis. Dopaminergic(More)
Dorsal root-evoked stimulation of sensory afferents in the hemisected in vitro rat spinal cord produces reflex output, recorded on the ventral roots. Transient spinal 5-HT(2C) receptor activation induces a long-lasting facilitation of these reflexes (LLFR) by largely unknown mechanisms. Two Sprague-Dawley substrains were used to characterize network(More)
Neurogenesis continues in various regions of the central nervous system (CNS) throughout life. As the mitogen basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) can proliferate neuronal precursors of CNS neurons in culture, and is also upregulated within adult dorsal root ganglia following axotomy, it is possible that the postnatal dorsal root ganglia contain(More)
Lamina I is a sensory relay region containing projection cells and local interneurons involved in thermal and nociceptive signaling. These neurons differ in morphology, sensory response modality, and firing characteristics. We examined intrinsic properties of mouse lamina I GABAergic neurons expressing enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP). GABAergic(More)
We previously reported that kainic acid (KA) lesion sites in rat brain exhibit an absence of astrocytic gap junctions at 1 week post-lesion. Loss of immunocytochemical reactivity with a sequence-specific antibody against the astrocytic gap junctional protein connexin43 (Cx43) suggested epitope masking since persistence of Cx43 was observed on Western blots.(More)
The synthesis enzyme glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD65 or GAD67) identifies neurons as GABAergic. Recent studies have characterized the physiological properties of spinal cord GABAergic interneurons using lines of GAD67-green fluorescent protein (GFP) transgenic mice. A more complete characterization of their phenotype is required to better understand the(More)
Circadian rhythms have been described for numerous transmitter synthesizing enzymes in the brain but rarely in spinal cord. We measured spinal tyrosine-hydroxylase (TH) and nitric oxide synthase (NOS) levels in the thoracic intermediolateral nucleus, the location of sympathetic preganglionic neurons, in male wild type (WT) and dopamine D(3) receptor(More)
Studies in the developing spinal cord suggest that different motoneuron (MN) cell types express very different genetic programs, but the degree to which adult programs differ is unknown. To compare genetic programs between adult MN columnar cell types, we used laser capture microdissection (LCM) and Affymetrix microarrays to create expression profiles for(More)