Michael A. Ruder

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The automatic implantable cardioverter-defibrillator was implanted in 270 patients because of life-threatening arrhythmias over a 7 year period. There was a history of sustained ventricular tachycardia or fibrillation, or both, in 96% of these patients, 80% had one or more prior cardiac arrests and 78% had coronary artery disease as their underlying(More)
The standard implantable defibrillator waveform is a truncated exponential of approximately 6 msec duration. This study compares the defibrillation efficacy of a standard monophasic truncated exponential to a biphasic 12 msec truncated exponential waveform in 21 patients undergoing automatic implantable cardioverter defibrillator (AICD) surgery. For the(More)
Sixty-five patients with symptomatic, drug-refractory, sustained ventricular tachycardia or fibrillation were treated with oral sotalol (80 to 480 mg twice daily). Sotalol was withdrawn in 11 patients because of continued inducibility of ventricular tachycardia at the time of follow-up electrophysiologic study. Therefore, the clinical effectiveness of(More)
Currently, Multiple Users Reusing One Slot (MUROS) is discussed in 3GPP GERAN as an extension of the GSM standard. In MUROS, two overlaid GMSK signals are transmitted in the same time slot and at the same frequency resource. By this, capacity of existing GSM networks in principle can be doubled and up to four half rate voice users can share one time slot.(More)
To assess the comparative cardiac effects of hemodialysis and continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD), we performed M-mode echocardiography prior to and immediately following hemodialysis on 56 patients and during the dwell phase of CAPD on 39 patients. Hemodialysis produced a significant increase in the mean velocity of circumferential fiber(More)
Enoximone is a phosphodiesterase inhibitor, which has been studied extensively for use in the management of patients with moderate-to-severe heart failure. The authors have studied the absorption and disposition kinetics of enoximone and its primary metabolite, enoximone sulfoxide, after both single oral doses of enoximone and at steady-state after(More)
Junctional ectopic tachycardia has been described in infants but not in adults. Five adults with rapid symptomatic paroxysmal junctional tachycardia, distinct from the more common slower nonparoxysmal junctional tachycardia, were recently evaluated. The tachycardia was irregular (rate 120 to 250) and accompanied by periods of atrioventricular dissociation(More)
The currently available automatic implantable cardioverter-defibrillator has proven highly successful for termination of ventricular tachycardia and fibrillation. Newer devices, however, permit lower energy shocks to be delivered initially and longer episodes of arrhythmia to occur before shocks are delivered. These changes may result in longer durations of(More)