Michael A. Ritter

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BACKGROUND The investigational 9-valent viruslike particle vaccine against human papillomavirus (HPV) includes the HPV types in the quadrivalent HPV (qHPV) vaccine (6, 11, 16, and 18) and five additional oncogenic types (31, 33, 45, 52, and 58). Here we present the results of a study of the efficacy and immunogenicity of the 9vHPV vaccine in women 16 to 26(More)
Bridge railing systems in the United States have historically been designed based on static load criteria given in the AASHTO Standard Specifications for Highway Bridges. In the past decade, full-scale vehicle crash testing has been recognized as a more appropriate and reliable method of evaluating bridge railing acceptability. In 1989. AASHTO published the(More)
OBJECTIVES The overall safety profile of the 9-valent human papillomavirus (9vHPV) vaccine was evaluated across 7 Phase III studies, conducted in males and females (nonpregnant at entry), 9 to 26 years of age. METHODS Vaccination was administered as a 3-dose regimen at day 1, and months 2 and 6. More than 15 000 subjects received ≥1 dose of 9vHPV vaccine.(More)
The dynamic response of glued laminated timber (glulam) girder bridges, longitudinal glulam deck bridges (longitudinal) and stress laminated (stress-lam) deck bridges has been determined from field test results using a heavily loaded truck. Deflections were measured for various vehicle speeds and transverse positions at the bridge midspan and were recorded(More)
Recently AASHTO adopted a load and resistance factor design code for highway bridges. The new code provides a rational basis for the design of steel and concrete structures. However, the calibration was not done for wood bridges. Therefore, there is a need to fill this gap. The development of statistical models for wood bridge structures is discussed.(More)
Interest in portable bridge systems has increased in the U.S. due to heightened awareness for reducing environmental impacts and costs associated with road stream crossings. This paper presents case studies of portable bridges constructed with longitudinal gluedlaminated timber decks and it discusses appropriate levels of strength design criteria for(More)
The Midwest Roadside Safety Facility, in cooperation with the Forest Products Laboratory, which is part of the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Forest Service, and FHWA, designed two bridge railing and approach guardrail transition systems for use on bridges with transverse glue-laminated timber decks. The bridge raging and transition systems were developed(More)
As new and existing U.S. residential areas and high volume highways continue to intermingle, traffic noise abatement procedures continue to be important. This study investigated the acoustic effectiveness, public acceptance, and structural requirements of various designs and types of sound barriers. In addition, the acoustic effectiveness of a prototype(More)
BACKGROUND The 9-valent human papillomavirus (HPV) (9vHPV) vaccine targets the four HPV types (6/11/16/18) covered by the licensed quadrivalent HPV (qHPV) vaccine and five additional types (31/33/45/52/58). A large outcome trial of 9vHPV vaccine was conducted. METHODS An active control (qHPV vaccine) was used because a placebo is not ethically acceptable.(More)