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Oncocytic adrenocortical neoplasms (OANs) are a rare but important subtype of adrenal tumors with unique clinical and morphological features. We present 13 previously unpublished cases, of which 3 were classified as benign, 2 as having borderline malignant potential, and 8 as malignant according to the Lin-Weiss-Bisceglia criteria. Seven tumors (54%) showed(More)
The therapeutic effect of interferon-alpha and ribavirin in the treatment of chronic hepatitis C viral infection is limited. To identify patient characteristics that may predict responsiveness to treatment, the intrahepatic protein expression of two directly induced IFN-alpha effector proteins, MxA and PKR, were studied. Forty liver biopsy samples from(More)
AIMS Predicting the clinical behaviour of gastrointestinal stromal tumours (GISTs) is difficult and criteria delineating benign from malignant cases are not firmly established. The aims of this study were to define the clinicopathological and molecular features of 66 GISTs, and to determine whether any specific parameters were associated with patient(More)
Differentiation of recurrent hepatitis C virus (HCV) disease from acute cellular rejection (ACR) following liver transplantation can be difficult. Previously, we have found that MxA protein, a specific and sensitive marker for type 1 interferon production, is strongly expressed in chronic HCV disease. Here, we investigate MxA expression as a marker for(More)
Current interest in the MUC1/EMA mucin relates to its role in malignancy, and its potential as a therapeutic target. MUC1/EMA expression has been observed in the majority of epithelioid mesotheliomas. However, little is known of the characteristics of MUC1/EMA in mesothelioma. Herein, we studied the cell surface and soluble expression of the MUC1/EMA(More)
AIMS Perineuriomas (PN) are uncommon, benign neoplasms that mimic a number of benign and malignant soft tissue lesions. There are two main forms: a rare intraneural PN (IPN), and a relatively more common extraneural soft tissue PN (STPN) including a conventional form (STPNc), sclerosing (SPN), reticular and lipomatous variants. Their diagnosis requires(More)
Conventionally reared and SPF laying hens were infected with egg drop syndrome (EDS) virus and killed at intervals during the first 13 days post inoculation (pi). Tissues were collected and studied using histo-pathological and immunoperoxidase techniques. EDS viral antigen and intranuclear inclusion bodies were detected in the surface epithelium of the(More)
The greater resistance of HCV genotype 1 infection to IFN therapy has been partially attributed to functional inhibition of the type 1 interferon induced anti-viral protein PKR in vitro. Whether PKR has antiviral activity against HCV in vivo is unknown. Whilst the ultra-structural localisation of PKR is known in vitro, it is not defined in chronic hepatitis(More)
HER2 is amplified/overexpressed in a subset of gastric and gastro-oesophageal junction cancers. Addition of anti-HER2 therapy has been shown to provide survival benefit in this setting. However, there are limited data assessing the concordance of HER2 status between primary and metastatic sites.A total of 113 samples from 43 paired primary and metastatic(More)
HER2 testing on effusions of metastatic gastric carcinoma may provide a valuable alternative to testing on primary biopsies. This study assessed the feasibility of this method by immunohistochemistry (IHC) and silver in situ hybridization (SISH). Cell blocks from 46 effusions from metastatic gastric carcinoma were examined. IHC was scored using the modified(More)