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The goal of this study was to improve the ability of a motor unit model to predict experimentally measured force variability across a wide range of forces. Motor unit discharge characteristics were obtained from 38 motor units of the first dorsal interosseus muscle. Motor unit discharges were recorded in separate isometric contractions that ranged from 4 to(More)
The discharge of single motor units (n = 34) in the first dorsal interosseus muscle and the fluctuations in force during steady contractions were measured across a range of index finger abduction forces in old adults (77.1 +/- 6.9 yr, n = 20). These results were compared with previously reported data on 38 motor units from young adults (25.7 +/- 5.7 yr).(More)
The purpose of this study was to compare the influence of prolonged vibration of a hand muscle on the amplitude of the stretch reflex, motor unit discharge rate, and force fluctuations during steady, submaximal contractions. Thirty-two young adults performed 10 isometric contractions at a constant force (5.0 +/- 2.3% of maximal force) with the first dorsal(More)
INTRODUCTION Age-related differences in force steadiness have been extensively examined and used as an index of motor function. However, the functional relevance of steadiness remains unclear. PURPOSE The aim here was to evaluate the relations among hand strength, steadiness, and function across the adult life span. METHODS Seventy-five adults (45(More)
Electrical stimulation of the brachioradialis branch of the radial nerve has been shown to inhibit the discharge of voluntarily activated motor units in biceps brachii during weak contractions with the elbow flexor muscles. The purpose of the present study was to characterise the inhibitory reflex by comparing its strength in the short and long heads of the(More)
The purpose of the study was to compare the discharge characteristics of biceps brachii motor units of young and old adults when they performed steady, submaximal contractions while the arm supported different inertial loads. Young (28 ± 4 yr; n = 16) and old (75 ± 4 yr; n = 14) adults performed steady contractions with the elbow flexors at target forces(More)
The purpose of this study was to compare the discharge characteristics of motor units recruited during an isometric contraction that was sustained with the elbow flexor muscles by older adults at target forces that were less than the recruitment threshold force of each isolated motor unit. The discharge times of 27 single motor units were recorded from the(More)
The purpose of the experiment was to compare the level of synchronization exhibited by pairs of motor units located within and between functionally distinct regions of the biceps brachii muscle. Pairs of single motor units were recorded from seven subjects using separate electrodes located in the lateral and medial aspects of the long head of biceps(More)
The purpose of the study was to determine how long humans could sustain the discharge of single motor units during a voluntary contraction. The discharge of motor units in first dorsal interosseus of subjects (27.8 ± 8.1 years old) was recorded for as long as possible. The task was terminated when the isolated motor unit stopped discharging action(More)
Pascoe MA, Holmes MR, Enoka RM. Discharge characteristics of biceps brachii motor units at recruitment when older adults sustained an isometric contraction.pose of this study was to compare the discharge characteristics of motor units recruited during an isometric contraction that was sustained with the elbow flexor muscles by older adults at target forces(More)