Michael A Murphey-Corb

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Human immunodeficiency virus encephalitis causes dementia in acquired immune deficiency syndrome patients. Using proteomic analysis of postmortem cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and brain tissue from the simian immunodeficiency virus primate model, we demonstrate here a specific increase in YKL-40 that was tightly associated with lentiviral encephalitis.(More)
We provide phenotypic and functional evidence of premonocytoid dendritic cells (DCs) and preplasmacytoid DCs in blood and of corresponding DC subsets in secondary lymphoid tissue of rhesus monkeys. Subsets were identified and sorted by 4-color flow cytometry using antihuman monoclonal antibodies cross-reactive with rhesus monkey. To mobilize pre-DC subsets,(More)
BACKGROUND The recent H5N1 avian and H1N1 swine-origin influenza virus outbreaks reaffirm that the threat of a world-wide influenza pandemic is both real and ever-present. Vaccination is still considered the best strategy for protection against influenza virus infection but a significant challenge is to identify new vaccine approaches that offer accelerated(More)
Neurodegeneration observed in lentiviral-associated encephalitis has been linked to viral-infected and -activated central nervous system macrophages. We hypothesized that lentivirus, macrophages, or both lentivirus and macrophages within distinct microenvironments mediate synaptic damage. Using the simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV)-infected macaque model,(More)
Cell cycle proteins regulate processes as diverse as cell division and cell death. Recently their role in neuronal death has been reported in several models of neurodegeneration. We have reported previously that two key regulators of the cell cycle, the retinoblastoma susceptibility gene product (pRb) and transcription factor E2F1, exhibit altered(More)
Dendritic cells (DCs) are potent antigen-presenting cells that likely play multiple roles in human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) pathogenesis. We used the simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV)/macaque model to study the effects of infection on homeostatic chemokine expression and DC localization directly in secondary lymphoid tissues. SIV infection(More)
Langerhans cells (LCs) are immature dendritic cells (DCs) that capture antigen in peripheral tissues and migrate to draining lymph nodes, where they reside in the paracortex as interdigitating dendritic cells (IDCs). We studied the effects of simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) on LCs and IDCs during different stages of infection in monkeys. LCs isolated(More)
Regulatory T cells (T(reg)) play key roles in immune regulation through multiple modes of suppression. The effects of HIV-1 infection on T(reg) levels in lymphoid tissues remain incompletely understood. To explore this issue, we have measured the levels of forkhead box protein 3 (FOXP3)-positive cells and associated immunomodulatory genes in a pathogenic(More)
The extent to which simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) replication in lung tissues contributes to the pool of viruses replicating during acute infection is incompletely understood. To address this issue, in situ hybridization was used to examine SIV replication in multiple lobes of lung from rhesus macaques infected with pathogenic SIV. Despite widespread(More)
BACKGROUND Alcohol abuse and infection with HIV individually compromise immune function, but the consequence of both conditions together is poorly understood owing to the difficulties of performing appropriate studies in human subjects. Simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) infection of rhesus macaques is considered to closely model HIV disease in that the(More)