Michael A. Martinez

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Recent results have revealed novel features in the process of antigenic diversification of FMDV. (i) Antigenic variation is not necessarily the result of immune selection. (ii) Single, critical amino acid replacements may either have a minor effect on antigenic specificity or cause a drastic antigenic change affecting many epitopes on an antigenic site.(More)
LKAB's Kiruna mine is an underground sublevel caving mine located above the Arctic circle in northern Sweden. The iron ore mine currently uses a long-term production scheduling model to strategically plan its ore extraction sequence. In this chapter, we describe how we modify this model to consider several different levels of time resolution in the(More)
We present a mixed-integer program to schedule long-and short-term production at LKAB's Kiruna mine, an underground sublevel caving mine located in northern Sweden. The model minimizes deviations from monthly preplanned production quantities while adhering to operational constraints. Because of the mathematical structure of the model and its moderately(More)
Clonal populations of foot-and-mouth disease virus have been serially passaged in cell culture to analyse variation in the absence of immune selection at different antigenic sites of the virus. Mutant frequencies at the RNA regions encoding two independent antigenic sites (sites C and D) were more than twentyfold lower than for antigenic site A (the G-H(More)
Lidocaine is used as an antiarrhythmic drug, its effectiveness is based on its ability to induce use-dependent block of cardiac sodium channels. This drug has an effect on conduction velocity (CV) and effective refractory period (ERP). Changes in CV and ERP could have an important role in the induction or suppression of reentrant circuits. We have studied(More)
Achromobacter sp. AR476-2 is a noncellulolytic strain previously isolated from a cellulolytic consortium selected from samples of insect gut. Its genome sequence could contribute to the unraveling of the complex interaction of microorganisms and enzymes involved in the biodegradation of lignocellulosic biomass in nature.
Lidocaine is a class I antiarrhytmic drug that blocks the sodium channels. This drug is a tertiary amine and exists as an uncharged free amine and cationic protonated form at physiologic pH. Experimental data have shown that the rate of development and recovery of block is slowed at low pH. In this work, a mathematical model of lidocaine effects has been(More)
RNA hypermutagenesis results from cDNA synthesis in the presence of highly biased dNTP precursor concentrations and preferentially exploits human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) reverse transcriptase. Such reaction conditions slow down DNA synthesis, which might be conducive to strand transfer and deletion. This has been investigated. A 6 bp inverted(More)
Lidocaine is a drug that blocks the sodium channel in a pH, frequency and concentration dependent manner. In this work, we have used a mathematical model of lidocaine developed by our group and incorporated it into the Luo Rudy model of ventricular action potential. We have studied the action of lidocaine on the sodium current (I Na), maximum upstroke(More)
Comparative sequence analysis of different isolates of hepatitis G virus (HGV) has demonstrated significant intersubject genetic heterogeneity, but few data on intrasubject genetic evolution have been reported. To further investigate the genetic diversification of the HGV genome, 36 plasma samples from eleven patients chronically infected with HGV serially(More)
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